zPrinter 450

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Revision as of 16:52, 9 September 2019 by Pkarnia (talk | contribs) (Post Processing)
zPrinter 450 in the Maker Space

About zPrinter 450

The zPrinter 450 developed by Z Corporation (acquired in 2012 by 3D Systems) is a fused deposition modeling (FDM) machine also known as a 3D Printer. The zPrinter 450 uses inkjet heads from HP to extrude a water based binder solution onto thin layers of a plaster based substrate. Each layer of plaster is 0.0035 inches which is thinner than a standard sheet of 20 pound printer paper. The addition of a tri-color HP cartridge allows for full range color printing rather than the standard white of the zPrint powder.

General Stats:
Material : Plaster (CaSO4)
Maximum Part Size : 203mm x 254mm x 203mm (8in x 10in x 8in)
X/Y Resolution : 300 x 450 dpi
Layer Thickness : 0.089mm (.0035in)
  • High Resolution
  • Full Range of Color
  • Fastest Printer
  • Parts are Initially Weak
  • Higher Chance of Failure if walls are not at least 2mm


Main Article : Processing 3D Files
Good STL in Netfabb
We will only process STLs which have:
1 shell per continuous part
0 border edges
0 invalid orientations
0 holes.
Geometry should have a minimum wall thickness of 2mm for “best chances” to survive post processing.

Even if Netfabb reports no invalid orientations, if we see red triangles in repair mode there is a problem with your model. Print at your own risk. If you are unsure of a model in NetFabb and want to see how it is perceived by the zPrinter we can process it in zPrint.

Fixing a File

Main Article : Fixing STLs

Students are welcome to use any of our computers for fixing their files in Netfabb or Rhino.

Here are some tips to get you started at home:
Ideally in Rhino you want one closed polysurface before meshing.
NetFabb is better at meshing than Rhino. Consider opening the 3dm file in NetFabb to generate the STL instead.
Default repair is decent at fixing holes, border edges, and invalid orientations. Then try using boolean join to reduce shells down to 1.
If boolean join results in multiple shells then most likely the shells are not contiguous. Consider deleting extra shells in model.
Extended repair wraps an existing STL in a new mesh. This can severely alter geometry and result in thin walled sections.

Printing Color

You can color your model in the zEditPro Software or export a VRML file from your favorite CAD software. VRML files must be saved as Version 2 with texture coordinates exported. Since there is no black color cartridge, any black on your model will be a high density mix of CMY and may appear as thin stripes of those colors. We cannot guarantee color accuracy.

3D Model textured in zEdit Pro with a color gradient

Coloring in zEditPro

Main Article : Coloring in zEdit Pro
From Paint and Texture Model mode, you may either apply colors or a texture (image) to your model:;
For coloring: you may color triangles, surfaces, shells, or the entire part. Right click to apply your changes.
For texturing you can apply it to visible surfaces or your whole model. You may also apply the texture as a straight projection or wrapped around the model.
Right click to preview changes and right click to apply.

Post Processing

Main Article : Printing a Part

Once a file has been processed and is ready to be printed, find a shop supervisor to help add it to the queue. The length of the queue is highly variable, and the time it takes to print a model may range from a few days to being ready by the end of the day it is submitted. Keep in mind that the ZPrint queue is very full during finals, midterms, and the time surrounding IPro Day. An estimate of queue length and a time to come pick up the part will be communicated to you once your part is added to the queue.

Cleaning Parts

Main Article : Removing and Cleaning a Part

After the part has been successfully printed, it is ready to be removed and cleaned. If a part is sturdy, one of the shop supervisors will clean the part. If the part has a high chance of failure, the creator of the part must remove and clean the part. To remove the part, the bed is raised and the powder surrounding the part is removed using the built in vacuum. Once the part is mostly free of powder and can be picked up, it is placed into the chamber to the right of the printing bed, and compressed air is used to remove the remaining dust. If the creator of the part does not wish to infiltrate the part, this is the end of the process and the creator is free to take the part.


The printed parts from the Zprinter are very fragile, In order to make the part more durable it is either submerged in a infiltrate fluid or it is poured over the part. The infiltrate fluid is essentially a kind of super glue which is designed to rapidly strengthen parts. It is a non-blooming resin that can be easily sanded and painted. Not only do you get strong parts, but Z-Bond enhances the vibrancy of models printed with color.

Machine Proficiency

In order for an individual to advance in machine proficiency they must demonstrate ability to perform certain actions or tasks. All levels include abilities and concepts from lower levels.

This section is primarily for student workers.

Level 0

Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:

  • Analyzing a student's file with a Netfab proficiency level of 3 to prepare for printing
  • Taking the printer “online” to start a print job.
  • Being able to instruct students on the cleaning process with printed parts

Individual understands the concepts:

  • The zPrinter uses a polymer powder with an ink jet nozzle to provide binders to each layer of the model being printed.
  • Wall thickness requirement for zPrinter.
  • Assigning colors to the part prior to processing.

Level 1

Individual understands the concepts:

  • Correctly loading and sending file to zPrint queue.
  • Correctly starting a print job.
  • Able to vacuum parts out of the printing area
  • Able to clean excess powder off in the cleaning area
  • Able to harden printed parts and retrieve excess hardening agent
  • Be able to clean excess powder
  • Netfabb level 1

Individual understands the concepts:

  • A remote desktop account is required to send the file to the printer.
  • When placing part on build plate, don't orient the bottom of the part to hang parallel with the plate. Rather, angle large flat surfaces to make the part less likely to peel off during printing.
  • Ensure the Build Bed location is all the way to the top of the bed prior to printing.

Level 2

Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:

  • Removing a printed part from inside the zPrinter 450
  • Post-processing of part .

Individual understands the concepts:

  • When build is finished, an automatic heated drying cycle will start.
  • Part must be placed in the Fine Powder Removal Chamber when removing the part.
  • A vacuum is used to remove excess modeling powder.
  • All loose powder must be removed prior to treating the part with Z-Bond.
  • Both Dipping Method and Drizzle Method are understood.
  • Gloves and eye protection is required when treating the part.
  • Printer Debris Filter, Rails, Inner Carriage, and Bed is completely cleaned for future jobs.

Level 3

Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:

  • Extinguishing a fire.
  • Troubleshooting and conducting maintenance on the zPrinter.
  • Replace cartridges and powder in the zPrinter.

Individual understands the concepts:

  • The different powder materials the zPrinter uses and their different settings for optimal results.