Difference between revisions of "Power Tools"

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<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert" style="font-weight:bold; text-align:center">Use of these tools requires prior safety training and approval from Idea Shop personnel.
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<div class="alert alert-auto alert-danger" role="alert" style="font-weight:bold; text-align:center">Use of these tools requires prior safety training and approval from Idea Shop personnel.</div>
</div>
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[[File:handtools_image1.jpg|thumb|left|Power Tools]]
 
 
 
[https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3080.pdf OSHA 3080] defines a power tool as any tool requiring external electrical, pneumatic, or chemical power to function.
 
[https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3080.pdf OSHA 3080] defines a power tool as any tool requiring external electrical, pneumatic, or chemical power to function.
  
==Band Saw==
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Before using any of the powered shop machines, users should observe proper personal protection equipment, verify machine is set up correctly and securely, and turn on dust collector and open damper gates (if applicable).
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:''Main Article : [[Bandsaw]]''
 
[[File:Delta_bandsaw1.jpg|thumb|right|Delta band saw.]]
 
  
A bandsaw (also written band saw) is a saw with a long, sharp blade consisting of a continuous band of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels to cut material. Advantages include uniform cutting action as a result of an evenly distributed tooth load, and the ability to cut irregular or curved shapes like a jigsaw. Additionally since the blade is pulling the material into the table it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The minimum radius of a curve is determined by the width of the band and its kerf. Most bandsaws have two wheels rotating in the same plane, one of which is powered, although some may have three or four to distribute the load. The blade itself can come in a variety of size and tooth pitch (teeth per inch, or TPI) which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.
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'''Work gloves should never be used with power tools.''' Loose hanging clothes, like loose sleeves or hoodie strings, should be secured and out of the way. Accessories such as rings, bracelets, and watches should be removed prior to using machines.
  
 
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==Panel Saw==
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 +
==Saws==
 
----
 
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:''Main Article : [[Panel Saw]]''
 
[[File:Panel_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Panel saw.]]
 
  
The panel saw is any type of circular sawing machine with a sliding table or saw blade that crosscuts sheets into sized parts. The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit with a sliding saw blade. This is especially useful for cutting down large standard 4' x 8' sheets of plywood, melamine, acrylic or cardboard. The saw normally operates in the vertical cutting direction, however the blade can be rotated to rip long steps from sheet material. Many circular saw blades are available to cut a variety of materials from wood to metals. Because of guards the panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making straight cuts, especially on large stock materials.  The size of the stock normally requires two poeple to load the material safely into the machine.  
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===Table Saw===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Table Saw]]''
 +
[[File:SawStop.jpg|thumb|left|Table Saw]]
  
Safety:
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'''Best for: Straight cuts'''
  
1. Always wear eye protection and ear protection is recommended for extended sessions.
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A table saw is a circular saw mounted under a table. The blade projects up through a slot on the table, and cuts to material are made by running the material over the table and into the blade. The table saw is typically used for straight cuts to flat pieces of material, i.e. sheets or sticks of wood, sheets of acrylic or foam, etc.
  
2. Blade should always be at full speed before beginning cut.
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The table saw is one of the most accurate and efficient ways to make a straight cut in flat material, but is also one of the most dangerous tools in the shop. Aside from blade related injuries, the biggest potential for injury comes from kickback, as the user is essentially working against the blade to make a cut. When using the table saw, it is important to be aware of possibilities for kickback, and take appropriate measures in preventing such situations.
  
3. Slowly return saw motor to the top and tighten it down. Never let go until it is secure.
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Here in the idea shop, we have a variety of tools (push sticks, sleds, miter jigs, etc) for use with the table saw to enable users to more safely make cuts on the saw.
  
4. Be aware of the power cord so that it does not fall into path of the blade - critical
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when returning blade to top (upstroke).
 
  
5. Always unplug saw when it is necessary to switch out blade or inspect for potential damage from embedded nails.
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===Bandsaw===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Bandsaw]]''
 +
[[File:Delta_bandsaw1.jpg|thumb|left|Delta band saw.]]
  
6. Circular sawblade can only be installed in one direction, refer to owner's manual for correct direction of teeth.
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'''Best for: Curvilinear cuts, splitting tall material'''
  
7. Remove magnetic insert/guide when it is necessary to rotate blade 90 degrees for longitudinal cuts.
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A bandsaw is a saw with a long, ribbon-like blade of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels. Material is cut by moving along material along the table and into the path of the blade and used with or without a fence.  
  
8. Always have a partner to assist feeding material in order to make horizontal/longitudinal cuts.
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Advantages include the ability to cut irregularly shaped materials, and the ability to cut curved shapes in a variety of materials.  Additionally, since the blade is pulling the material down towards the table, it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The blade itself can come in a variety of sizes and tooth pitch, which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.
  
9. Do not cut material that is too narrow for machine: i.e. less than a foot or foot and a half wide - as it will pinch blade.
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10. It is highly desirable to move cut panels away from blade on the upstroke.
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===Circular Saw===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Circular Saw]]''
 +
[[File:circular_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Circular saw.]]
  
11. Cut flat stock only - do not cut round stock.
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A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed or abrasive disc or blade to cut different materials using a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A circular saw is used for cutting many materials such as wood, masonry, plastic, or metal, and may be hand-held or mounted. In woodworking, the term "circular saw" refers specifically to the hand-held saw.The table saw and chop saw are other common circular saws. "Skil saw" has become a generic trademark for conventional hand-held circular saws. Appropriate saw blades should be used depending on the material used. Asked for help if needed.  
  
12. If flat stock has a warp, cut with concave bow facing towards outside - this will minimize any pinching or kickback.
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== '''Drill Press''' ==
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===Miter Saw===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Miter Saw]]''
 +
[[File:Miter_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Miter saw.]]
  
[[File:drill_press1.jpg|thumb|right|Drill press.]]
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'''Best for: Angled crosscuts in wood'''
  
 +
A power miter saw, also known as a drop saw or chop saw, is a power tool used to make a quick, accurate crosscut in a workpiece at a selected angle. In standard position, this cut angle is fixed at 90°, though may be quickly changed to cut to common angles (such as 15°, 22.5°, 30°, and 45°).
  
Drilling machines, or drill presses, are primarily used to drill or enlarge a
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cylindrical hole in a workpiece or part. The chief operation performed on the drill press is
 
drilling, but other possible operations include: reaming, countersinking, counterboring,
 
and tapping.
 
  
1. Prior to drilling a hole, locate the hole by drawing two crossing lines. Use a center
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===Panel Saw===
punch to make an indentation for the drill point to aid the drill in starting the hole.
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:''Main Article : [[Panel Saw]]''
 +
[[File:Panel_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Panel saw.]]
  
2. Select the proper drill bit according to the size needed.
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'''Best for: Cutting down large sheets of material'''
  
3. Select an appropriate size center drill -if necessary.
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The panel saw is a circular saw affixed to rails that is used to easily cut down large (as large as 4'x8') sheets of material. The size of the stock normally requires two people to load the material safely into the machine.  
  
4. Select a cutting fluid '''when necessary''' (e.g. cutting soft metals, aluminum and mild steel)
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The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit that can be used to make both vertical and horizontal cuts to material, though horizontal cuts require that the saw remain stationary and the material moved through the saw. Wood, wood products, acrylic, foam, and other soft materials can all be cut on the panel saw.
  
5. Properly secure the workpiece to the table.
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The panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making large straight cuts, especially on large stock materials.  
  
6. Select the correct RPM for the drill bit. Take into account: size of bit, material, and
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depth of hole to be drilled.
 
  
7. Use an interrupted feed, called peck drilling, to break up the chips being produced.
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===Planer Saw===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Planer Saw]]''
 +
[[File:Planer_Saw.jpg|thumb|left|Planer Saw]]
  
8. Pilot holes should be used on holes larger than 3/8” dia. Holes are to be enlarged in no
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'''Best for: Resurfacing wood, trimming down wood to a specified thickness'''
more than 1/4” increments.
 
  
9. Clean the drill press and surrounding area when finished.
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The planer is a machine with a flatbed and a cylindrical blade above the flatbed. The cylindrical blades shave off the top of a sheet of wood to achieve a flat finish on the top of the wood piece. The planer is a good machine for smoothing/resurfacing the face of a piece of wood, for flattening warped sheets of wood, or for shaving wood down to a specified thickness.  
  
'''Safety'''
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1. No attempt should be made to operate a drill press until you are certain you understand
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===Scroll Saw===
the proper procedures for its use.
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:''Main Article : [[Scroll Saw]]''
 +
[[File:scroll saw.jpg|thumb|left|Scroll Saw]]
  
2. Dress appropriately. Remove all watches and jewelry. '''Safety glasses or goggles are a must'''.
 
  
3. Plan out your work thoroughly before starting.
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'''Best for: Detail work'''
  
4. Know the location of the OFF button.
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A scroll saw is a small electric or pedal-operated saw used to cut intricate curves in wood, metal, or other materials. The fineness of its blade allows it to cut more delicately than a power jigsaw, and more easily than a hand coping saw or fretsaw.
  
5. Clamp all work securely to the table.
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6. '''Always remove the chuck key immediately''' after using it. A key left in the chuck will
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==Drills==
be thrown out at a high velocity when the machine is turned on. Never let the chuck key
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leave your hand except to put it back into its holder.
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===Cordless Drill===
 +
:''Main Article: [[Cordless Drill]]''
 +
[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|Cordless Drill]]
 +
A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.
  
7. Never stop a drill press spindle with your hand after you have turned off the machine.
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Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.  
Chips often build up around the chuck.
 
  
8. Use a brush, not your hands, to remove chips from the machine. Do not clean up while
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Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.
the machine is running.
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9. Remove burrs from drilled workpieces as soon as possible.
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===Drill Press===
 +
:''Main Article :[[Drill Press]]''
 +
[[File:drill_press1.jpg|thumb|left|Drill press.]]
  
10. '''Keep the floor area clean. Immediately wipe up any oil spills'''.
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A drill press is a drill mounted on a stand and is used for cutting cylindrical holes in a workpiece or part. The drill press can be used for drilling, reaming, countersinking, counterboring, and tapping.  
  
 +
A drill press has several advantages over a hand drill, including a more consistent operation, the ability to drill into denser and harder materials, and the ability to use a wider range of bits for a wide variety of applications.
  
'''
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== '''Circular Saw''' ==
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==Sanders / Grinders==
'''
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 +
===Belt/Disc Sander===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Disc/Belt Sander]]''
  
[[File:circular_saw1.jpg|thumb|right|Circular saw.]]  
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[[File:DiscBelt.PNG|thumb|left|Disc/Belt sander combo.]]
  
 +
Belt/disc sander is two sanding tools combined into one unit.
  
  
Instructional Video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpA0hYeRVmw
 
  
Safety Instructions:
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1. Always wear eye protection when operating circular saws.
 
 
 
2. Tie up loose clothing and hair, and remove jewelry that could be pulled into the saw.
 
Hearing protection is also recommended as saws are very loud and can lead to hearing loss.
 
  
3. Verify that the saw blade or abrasive cutting disc has a RPM rating ABOVE the saw RPM.
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===Handheld Sanders===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Sanders]]''
  
4. Set the saw cutting depth as shallow as possible – avoid letting the blade protrude much below
 
the stock being cut.
 
  
5. '''Never set a circular saw down unless the blade has completely stopped'''.
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[[File:Dewalt palmSander1.jpg|thumb|left|Manual Orbital sander.]]
  
6. Make adjustments and change blades only when unplugged.
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Belt sanders are primarily used to rapidly sand wood, normally removing larger chunks than sanding by hand. Using a sander can result in a smooth surface on wood. Some belt sanders can also be used on metals such as aluminum.  
 
 
7. Do not hold or force the retracting lower guard in the open position.
 
 
 
8. Do not place hand under the shoe or guard of the saw.
 
 
 
9. Do not over tighten the blade-locking nut.
 
 
 
10. Do not twist the saw to change, cut or check alignment.
 
 
 
11. Do not use a saw that vibrates or appears unsafe in any way.
 
 
 
12. Do not force the saw during cutting – forcing can cause kickback.
 
 
 
13. Do not cut materials without first checking for obstructions or other objects such as nails and screws.
 
 
 
14. Do not carry the saw with a finger on the trigger switch.
 
 
 
15. Do not overreach and make sure to keep proper footing and balance.
 
 
 
16. Do not rip stock without using a wedge or guide clamped or nailed to the stock.
 
 
 
17. Make sure the stock will not fall and “bind” the circular saw – kickback can occur.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
== '''Miter Saw''' ==
 
 
 
[[File:Miter_saw1.jpg|thumb|right|Miter saw.]]
 
 
 
 
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kFs-30mFU1A
 
 
 
Safety Instructions:
 
 
 
1. Always wear eye protection when using the miter saw.
 
 
 
2. Use clamps to support workpiece whenever possible. If supporting the workpiece by hand, you
 
must always keep hand outside of “No Hand” area that is marked in yellow. Never feed the
 
workpiece into the blade or cut freehand in any way.
 
 
 
3. Do not use this saw to cut pieces that are too small to be securely clamped, or that require your
 
hand be placed in the “No Hand” area near the blade. When cutting small or irregularly shaped
 
pieces first attach the workpiece to a jig/fixture.
 
 
 
4. Do not reach in back of the saw blade behind the fence with either hand to hold down or support
 
the workpiece, remove wood scraps, or for any other reason.
 
 
 
5. Never cross your hand over intended line of cutting. Supporting the workpiece “cross-handed”
 
i.e. holding the left side of the workpiece with your right hand is very dangerous.
 
 
 
6. Always disconnect the power cord from the power source before making any adjustments or
 
attaching any accessories.
 
 
 
7. Only use the miter saw to cut wood or wood-like materials.
 
 
 
8. Inspect your workpiece before cutting. If workpiece is bowed or warped, clamp it with the
 
outside bowed face toward the fence. Always make certain that there is no gap between the
 
workpiece, fence and table along the line of cut. Also, make sure there are no nails or foreign
 
objects in the workpiece.
 
 
 
9. Do not use the saw until the table is clear of all tools, wood scraps,
 
etc., except the workpiece.
 
 
 
10. Cut only one piece at a time.
 
 
 
11. Provide adequate support accessories such as tables;
 
saw horses, table extensions, etc. for workpieces wider or longer than the table top
 
 
 
12. '''Let the blade reach full speed before contacting the workpiece'''.
 
 
 
13. If the workpiece or blade becomes jammed or bogged down, turn
 
miter saw “OFF” by releasing the switch.
 
 
 
14. After finishing the cut, release the switch, hold the saw arm down and
 
wait for blade to stop before removing work or cutoff piece.
 
 
 
15. Turn on the dust collection system and close all gates, except that for the miter saw
 
 
 
== '''Belt/Disc Sander''' ==
 
 
 
[[File:skil_belt_sander.png|thumb|right|Manual Belt sander.]]
 
  
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H9cGyL3BoY
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H9cGyL3BoY
  
Safety Instructions:
 
  
1. Always wear eye protection when using a belt/disc sander.
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2. Remove ties, ring, watch and other jewelry, and roll up sleeves before using the belt/disc sander.
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===Bench Grinder===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Bench Grinder]]''
 +
[[File:delta_grinder1.jpg|thumb|left|Bench grinder.]]
  
3. Make all adjustment on the belt/disc sander with the power OFF.
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A bench grinder is a benchtop type of grinding machine used to drive abrasive wheels. A pedestal grinder is a similar or larger version of grinder that is mounted on a pedestal, which may be bolted to the floor or may sit on rubber feet. These types of grinders are commonly used to hand grind various cutting tools and perform other rough grinding. Depending on the bond and grade of the grinding wheel, it may be used for sharpening cutting tools such as tool bits, drill bits, chisels, and gouges. Alternatively, it may be used to roughly shape metal prior to welding or fitting. A wire brush wheel or buffing wheels can be interchanged with the grinding wheels in order to clean or polish workpieces. Stiff buffing wheels can also be used when deburring is the task at hand. Some buffing machines (buffers) are built on the same concept as bench grinders except for longer housings and arbors with buffing wheels instead of grinding wheels.
  
4. Make sure the sand belt or disc is not torn or loose before using the sander.
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5. Always hold the work firmly when sanding.
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==Lathes and Mills==
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 +
===Grizzly G0769  Lathe with Milling Head===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Manual Mill and Lathe]]''
 +
[[File:GrizzlyMillLathe.jpg|thumb|left|Grizzly Mill Lathe Combo.]]
  
6. Always use the backstop when belt sander is in the horizontal position.
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A lathe mill combo
  
7. Always hold the work firmly on the table when sanding on the disc.
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8. Never wear gloves or hold work with a rag when sanding.
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==Routers==
 +
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 +
===Handheld Routers===
 +
:''Main Article: [[Handheld Router]]''
 +
[[File:Handheld_Router.jpg|thumb|left|Handheld Router.]]
  
9. Do not sand pieces of material that are too small to be safely supported.
+
A handheld router is a machine that works similarly to a CNC and chisels away unwanted pieces of material. The height of the router bit can be manually adjusted. Bits are shaped differently depending on the job, such as if a joint is being created.
  
10. Avoid awkward hand positions where a sudden slip could cause a hand to move into the
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sanding belt or disc.
 
  
11. When sanding a large work piece, provide additional support at table height.
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==Sewing Machines==
 +
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 +
===Sewing Machine===
 +
:''Main Article: [[Sewing Machines]]''
 +
[[File:singer4423.png|thumb|left|Singer 4423 Heavy duty sewing machine.]]
  
12. Do not sand with the work piece unsupported. Support the work piece with the backstop or
+
Sewing machines use thread to stitch together pieces of fabric.
table. The only exception is curved work performed on the outer sanding drum.
 
  
13. Always turn the machine off and disconnect the cord from the power source before installing or
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removing accessories or when making repairs
 
  
14. Never leave the machine work area when the power is on or before the machine has come to a
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complete stop.
+
===Embroidery Machine===
 
+
:''Main Article: [[Embroidery Machines]]''
15. Shut off power and clean the sander and work area before leaving the area.
+
[[File:BrotherPE800.jpeg|thumb|left|Brother PE800 embroidery machine available in the Idea shop.]]
 
 
 
 
== '''Bench Grinder''' ==
 
 
 
[[File:delta_grinder1.jpg|thumb|right|Bench grinder.]]
 
 
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znnurySP3no
 
Safety Instructions:
 
 
 
1. Always wear eye protection (safety glasses or a face shield).
 
 
 
2. Remove tie, rings, watch and other jewelry and roll up sleeves.
 
 
 
3. Make sure the wheel guards are in place. Grinding creates heat; '''don't touch any portion of
 
the workpiece until you are sure it has cooled'''.
 
 
 
4. Adjust the spark guards to be close to the wheel, and re-adjust these spark guards as the
 
wheels wear down to a smaller diameter
 
 
 
5. Be sure blotters and wheel flanges are used to mount the grinding wheels onto the shaft of the grinder.
 
 
 
6. Stand to one side of the wheel when turning on power
 
 
 
7. Tool rests should be adjusted close to the wheels and thoroughly tightened in place so they
 
cannot shift position while in use
 
 
 
8. Inspect the wheels before turning on the power. DO NOT use wheels that have been chipped
 
or cracked.
 
 
 
9. '''When grinding, use the face of the wheel only'''.
 
 
 
10. Dress the wheel on the face only. Dressing the side of the wheel would cause it to become
 
too thin for safe use.
 
 
 
11. DO NOT use a wheel that vibrates. Dress wheel, replace the wheel, or replace the bearings of
 
the shaft if these are worn. Grinding creates heat; don't touch ground portion of workpiece
 
until you are sure workpiece has cooled.
 
 
 
12. Shut off the power and do not leave guards as the wheels wear down to a until the wheel
 
has come to a complete stop and the work area is clean when finished using machine.
 
 
 
 
 
== '''CNC Router''' ==
 
 
 
[[File:300px-ShopSabre.JPG|thumb|right|CNC router.]]
 
 
 
Instructional Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Xwp6hxBYyI
 
 
 
Safety Instructions:
 
 
 
1. Wear safety glasses and hearing protection when the router is in operation.
 
 
 
2. Check wood stock for defects before cutting, such as knots, cracks, and foreign objects.
 
 
 
3. '''Never leave the machine unattended''' while it is in operation.
 
 
 
4. '''Never reach into the working envelope''' of the machine while it is running.
 
 
 
5. Never perform any maintenance or cleanup without lockout power switch in off position.
 
 
 
6. Visually ensure that all tools and cutting tools are completely stopped before removing guards or
 
performing any clean-up or maintenance.
 
 
 
7. Avoid unsafe hold down practices that can shatter a bit or allow parts to move during cutting
 
(e.g. using too many screws close to cut geomentry)
 
 
 
8. Create cutting files that avoid small parts flying out when being cut.
 
 
 
9. Be within reach of the e-stop or pause button when the machine is in operation.
 
 
 
10. Turn on the dust collection system and close all gates, except that for the CNC Router
 
 
 
 
 
== '''Wood Lathe''' ==
 
 
 
[[File:Jet_lathe1.jpg|thumb|right|Woodworking lathe.]]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Safety;
 
 
 
1. No attempt should be made to operate the lathe until you understand the proper
 
procedures for its use and have been checked out on it.
 
 
 
2. Dress appropriately. Remove all watches and jewelry. Safety glasses or goggles are a must.
 
 
 
3. Plan out your work thoroughly before starting.
 
 
 
4. Know were the location of the OFF switch is.
 
 
 
5. Be sure the work and holding device are firmly attached.
 
 
 
6. Turn the chuck by hand, with the lathe turned OFF, to be sure there is no danger of
 
striking any part of the lathe.
 
 
 
7. '''Always remove the chuck key from the chuck immediately after us'''e, and before
 
operating the lathe. Make it a habit to never let go of the chuck key until it is out of the
 
chuck and back in its holder.
 
 
 
8. Keep the machine clear of tools. Tools must not be placed on the ways of the lathe.
 
 
 
9. Stop the lathe before making any measurements, adjustments, or cleaning.
 
 
 
10. Support all work solidly. Do not permit small diameter work to project too far from
 
the chuck, (over 3X’s the work’s diameter), without support.
 
 
 
12. If the work must be repositioned or removed from the lathe. Move the cutting tool
 
clear of the work to prevent any accidental injuries.
 
 
 
13. You should always be aware of the direction of travel and speed of the carriage
 
before you engage the automatic feed.
 
 
 
14. Chips are sharp. Do not attempt to remove them with your hand when they become
 
“stringy” and build up on the tool post or workpiece. Stop the machine and remove them with pliers.
 
 
 
15. '''Stop the lathe immediately if any odd noise or vibration develops''' while you are
 
operating it. If you can not locate the source of the trouble, get help from the instructor.
 
Under no circumstance should the lathe be operated until the problem has been corrected.
 
 
 
16. Remove sharp edges and burrs from the work before removing it from the lathe.
 
  
17. Use care when cleaning the lathe. Chips sometimes get caught in recesses. Remove
+
Embroidery machines use special stitch files to create thread designs on fabric.
them with a brush or short stick. Never use a floor brush to clean the machine. Use only a
 
brush, compressed air, or a rag
 

Latest revision as of 02:16, 24 January 2020

Power Tools

OSHA 3080 defines a power tool as any tool requiring external electrical, pneumatic, or chemical power to function.

Before using any of the powered shop machines, users should observe proper personal protection equipment, verify machine is set up correctly and securely, and turn on dust collector and open damper gates (if applicable).

Work gloves should never be used with power tools. Loose hanging clothes, like loose sleeves or hoodie strings, should be secured and out of the way. Accessories such as rings, bracelets, and watches should be removed prior to using machines.


Saws


Table Saw

Main Article : Table Saw
Table Saw

Best for: Straight cuts

A table saw is a circular saw mounted under a table. The blade projects up through a slot on the table, and cuts to material are made by running the material over the table and into the blade. The table saw is typically used for straight cuts to flat pieces of material, i.e. sheets or sticks of wood, sheets of acrylic or foam, etc.

The table saw is one of the most accurate and efficient ways to make a straight cut in flat material, but is also one of the most dangerous tools in the shop. Aside from blade related injuries, the biggest potential for injury comes from kickback, as the user is essentially working against the blade to make a cut. When using the table saw, it is important to be aware of possibilities for kickback, and take appropriate measures in preventing such situations.

Here in the idea shop, we have a variety of tools (push sticks, sleds, miter jigs, etc) for use with the table saw to enable users to more safely make cuts on the saw.


Bandsaw

Main Article : Bandsaw
Delta band saw.

Best for: Curvilinear cuts, splitting tall material

A bandsaw is a saw with a long, ribbon-like blade of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels. Material is cut by moving along material along the table and into the path of the blade and used with or without a fence.

Advantages include the ability to cut irregularly shaped materials, and the ability to cut curved shapes in a variety of materials. Additionally, since the blade is pulling the material down towards the table, it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The blade itself can come in a variety of sizes and tooth pitch, which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.


Circular Saw

Main Article : Circular Saw
Circular saw.

A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed or abrasive disc or blade to cut different materials using a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A circular saw is used for cutting many materials such as wood, masonry, plastic, or metal, and may be hand-held or mounted. In woodworking, the term "circular saw" refers specifically to the hand-held saw.The table saw and chop saw are other common circular saws. "Skil saw" has become a generic trademark for conventional hand-held circular saws. Appropriate saw blades should be used depending on the material used. Asked for help if needed.


Miter Saw

Main Article : Miter Saw
Miter saw.

Best for: Angled crosscuts in wood

A power miter saw, also known as a drop saw or chop saw, is a power tool used to make a quick, accurate crosscut in a workpiece at a selected angle. In standard position, this cut angle is fixed at 90°, though may be quickly changed to cut to common angles (such as 15°, 22.5°, 30°, and 45°).


Panel Saw

Main Article : Panel Saw
Panel saw.

Best for: Cutting down large sheets of material

The panel saw is a circular saw affixed to rails that is used to easily cut down large (as large as 4'x8') sheets of material. The size of the stock normally requires two people to load the material safely into the machine.

The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit that can be used to make both vertical and horizontal cuts to material, though horizontal cuts require that the saw remain stationary and the material moved through the saw. Wood, wood products, acrylic, foam, and other soft materials can all be cut on the panel saw.

The panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making large straight cuts, especially on large stock materials.


Planer Saw

Main Article : Planer Saw
Planer Saw

Best for: Resurfacing wood, trimming down wood to a specified thickness

The planer is a machine with a flatbed and a cylindrical blade above the flatbed. The cylindrical blades shave off the top of a sheet of wood to achieve a flat finish on the top of the wood piece. The planer is a good machine for smoothing/resurfacing the face of a piece of wood, for flattening warped sheets of wood, or for shaving wood down to a specified thickness.


Scroll Saw

Main Article : Scroll Saw
Scroll Saw


Best for: Detail work

A scroll saw is a small electric or pedal-operated saw used to cut intricate curves in wood, metal, or other materials. The fineness of its blade allows it to cut more delicately than a power jigsaw, and more easily than a hand coping saw or fretsaw.


Drills


Cordless Drill

Main Article: Cordless Drill
Cordless Drill

A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.

Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.

Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.

Drill Press

Main Article :Drill Press
Drill press.

A drill press is a drill mounted on a stand and is used for cutting cylindrical holes in a workpiece or part. The drill press can be used for drilling, reaming, countersinking, counterboring, and tapping.

A drill press has several advantages over a hand drill, including a more consistent operation, the ability to drill into denser and harder materials, and the ability to use a wider range of bits for a wide variety of applications.


Sanders / Grinders


Belt/Disc Sander

Main Article : Disc/Belt Sander
Disc/Belt sander combo.

Belt/disc sander is two sanding tools combined into one unit.



Handheld Sanders

Main Article : Sanders


Manual Orbital sander.

Belt sanders are primarily used to rapidly sand wood, normally removing larger chunks than sanding by hand. Using a sander can result in a smooth surface on wood. Some belt sanders can also be used on metals such as aluminum.

Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H9cGyL3BoY



Bench Grinder

Main Article : Bench Grinder
Bench grinder.

A bench grinder is a benchtop type of grinding machine used to drive abrasive wheels. A pedestal grinder is a similar or larger version of grinder that is mounted on a pedestal, which may be bolted to the floor or may sit on rubber feet. These types of grinders are commonly used to hand grind various cutting tools and perform other rough grinding. Depending on the bond and grade of the grinding wheel, it may be used for sharpening cutting tools such as tool bits, drill bits, chisels, and gouges. Alternatively, it may be used to roughly shape metal prior to welding or fitting. A wire brush wheel or buffing wheels can be interchanged with the grinding wheels in order to clean or polish workpieces. Stiff buffing wheels can also be used when deburring is the task at hand. Some buffing machines (buffers) are built on the same concept as bench grinders except for longer housings and arbors with buffing wheels instead of grinding wheels.


Lathes and Mills


Grizzly G0769 Lathe with Milling Head

Main Article : Manual Mill and Lathe
Grizzly Mill Lathe Combo.

A lathe mill combo


Routers


Handheld Routers

Main Article: Handheld Router
Handheld Router.

A handheld router is a machine that works similarly to a CNC and chisels away unwanted pieces of material. The height of the router bit can be manually adjusted. Bits are shaped differently depending on the job, such as if a joint is being created.


Sewing Machines


Sewing Machine

Main Article: Sewing Machines
Singer 4423 Heavy duty sewing machine.

Sewing machines use thread to stitch together pieces of fabric.



Embroidery Machine

Main Article: Embroidery Machines
Brother PE800 embroidery machine available in the Idea shop.

Embroidery machines use special stitch files to create thread designs on fabric.