Difference between revisions of "Power Tools"

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<div class="alert alert-auto alert-danger" role="alert" style="font-weight:bold; text-align:center">Use of these tools requires prior safety training and approval from Idea Shop personnel.</div>
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[[File:handtools_image1.jpg|thumb|left|Power Tools]]
 
[https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3080.pdf OSHA 3080] defines a power tool as any tool requiring external electrical, pneumatic, or chemical power to function.
 
[https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3080.pdf OSHA 3080] defines a power tool as any tool requiring external electrical, pneumatic, or chemical power to function.
  
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Before using any of the powered shop machines, users should observe proper personal protection equipment, verify machine is set up correctly and securely, and turn on dust collector and open damper gates (if applicable).
  
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'''Work gloves should never be used with power tools.''' Loose hanging clothes, like loose sleeves or hoodie strings, should be secured and out of the way. Accessories such as rings, bracelets, and watches should be removed prior to using machines.
  
== '''Band Saw''' ==
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==Saws==
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----
  
Instructional Video:
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===[[Table Saw]]===
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:''Main Article : [[Table Saw]]''
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[[File:SawStop.jpg|thumb|left|Table Saw]]
  
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FNa1_tcDo1g
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'''Best for: Straight cuts'''
  
Safety Instructions:
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A table saw is a circular saw mounted under a table. The blade projects up through a slot on the table, and cuts to material are made by running the material over the table and into the blade. The table saw is typically used for straight cuts to flat pieces of material, i.e. sheets or sticks of wood, sheets of acrylic or foam, etc.
  
1. '''Wear safety glasses at all times upon entering a lab situation'''.
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The table saw is one of the most accurate and efficient ways to make a straight cut in flat material, but is also one of the most dangerous tools in the shop. Aside from blade related injuries, the biggest potential for injury comes from kickback, as the user is essentially working against the blade to make a cut. When using the table saw, it is important to be aware of possibilities for kickback, and take appropriate measures in preventing such situations.
  
2. Check wood stock for defects before cutting, such as knots, cracks, and foreign objects
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Here in the idea shop, we have a variety of tools (push sticks, sleds, miter jigs, etc) for use with the table saw to enable users to more safely make cuts on the saw.
.
 
3. Plan sawing procedures so there is a maximum of forward feed and a minimum of backing out.
 
  
4. Cut only flat stock whenever possible. When cutting dowels or other round stock, use approved
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holding device and get permission for this special setup.
 
  
5. Be sure the saw blade is the proper width for the job being done.
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===[[Bandsaw]]===
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:''Main Article : [[Bandsaw]]''
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[[File:Delta_bandsaw1.jpg|thumb|left|Delta band saw.]]
  
6. Blades are different widths and may require relief cuts to be made when cutting small radius curves.
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'''Best for: Curvilinear cuts, splitting tall material'''
  
7. Hold any wood firmly on the table and not up off the table.
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A bandsaw is a saw with a long, ribbon-like blade of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels. Material is cut by moving along material along the table and into the path of the blade and used with or without a fence.  
  
8. Set the upper blade guide ¼” or less above the wood to be cut.
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Advantages include the ability to cut irregularly shaped materials, and the ability to cut curved shapes in a variety of materials. Additionally, since the blade is pulling the material down towards the table, it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The blade itself can come in a variety of sizes and tooth pitch, which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.
  
9. Always keep fingers out of the path of the blade and a safe distance from the blade.
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10. Feed material into the blade at a '''moderate rate of speed'''.
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===[[Circular Saw]]===
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:''Main Article : [[Circular Saw]]''
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[[File:circular_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Circular saw.]]
  
11. Allow the machine to come to a complete stop before backing out of a long cut. Do not back out
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A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed or abrasive disc or blade to cut different materials using a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A circular saw is used for cutting many materials such as wood, masonry, plastic, or metal, and may be hand-held or mounted. In woodworking, the term "circular saw" refers specifically to the hand-held saw.The table saw and chop saw are other common circular saws. "Skil saw" has become a generic trademark for conventional hand-held circular saws. Appropriate saw blades should be used depending on the material used. Asked for help if needed.  
of a cut with the machine running. This can pull the blade off of the wheels.
 
  
12. Turn off the power after using the band saw and stand by until the machine has come to a complete stop.
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13. Keep the table clear of scraps and clean table of scraps after the blade stops moving. Never pick
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===[[Miter Saw]]===
pieces of wood from the machine while it is in motion and then it is wise to use a push stick or brush.
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:''Main Article : [[Miter Saw]]''
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[[File:Miter_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Miter saw.]]
  
14. '''Make all adjustments while the machine is off and stopped'''.
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'''Best for: Angled crosscuts in wood'''
  
15. When handling long pieces of wood, get help and do the pushing yourself.
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A power miter saw, also known as a drop saw or chop saw, is a power tool used to make a quick, accurate crosscut in a workpiece at a selected angle. In standard position, this cut angle is fixed at 90°, though may be quickly changed to cut to common angles (such as 15°, 22.5°, 30°, and 45°).  
  
17. When operating the machine, keep well balanced and stand carefully to avoid injury from
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unexpected slips or falls.
 
  
19. When a band saw blade breaks or comes off the wheels, step away immediately, shut off the
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===[[Panel Saw]]===
power without endangering yourself, and then notify shop personnel.
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:''Main Article : [[Panel Saw]]''
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[[File:Panel_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Panel saw.]]
  
19. Always keep clear of the area to the right of the band saw when it is being used because if the
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'''Best for: Cutting down large sheets of material'''
blade breaks it may whip out into this area.
 
  
20. Check the blade for cracks or splits before using the band saw. If a crack is found, unplug the
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The panel saw is a circular saw affixed to rails that is used to easily cut down large (as large as 4'x8') sheets of material. The size of the stock normally requires two people to load the material safely into the machine.  
machine and notify shop personnel.
 
  
21. Listen for tell-tale sounds as you cut. A clicking sound may mean a cracked blade.
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The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit that can be used to make both vertical and horizontal cuts to material, though horizontal cuts require that the saw remain stationary and the material moved through the saw. Wood, wood products, acrylic, foam, and other soft materials can all be cut on the panel saw.
  
22. When making adjustments it is a wise practice to unplug the machine to avoid accidental starts.
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The panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making large straight cuts, especially on large stock materials.  
  
23. Turn on the dust collection system and close all gates, except that for the band saw.
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===[[Planer Saw]]===
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:''Main Article : [[Planer Saw]]''
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[[File:Planer_Saw.jpg|thumb|left|Planer Saw]]
  
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'''Best for: Resurfacing wood, trimming down wood to a specified thickness'''
  
== '''Drill Presses''' ==
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The planer is a machine with a flatbed and a cylindrical blade above the flatbed. The cylindrical blades shave off the top of a sheet of wood to achieve a flat finish on the top of the wood piece. The planer is a good machine for smoothing/resurfacing the face of a piece of wood, for flattening warped sheets of wood, or for shaving wood down to a specified thickness.
  
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Drilling machines, or drill presses, are primarily used to drill or enlarge a
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===[[Scroll Saw]]===
cylindrical hole in a workpiece or part. The chief operation performed on the drill press is
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:''Main Article : [[Scroll Saw]]''
drilling, but other possible operations include: reaming, countersinking, counterboring,
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[[File:scroll saw.jpg|thumb|left|Scroll Saw]]
and tapping.
 
  
1. Prior to drilling a hole, locate the hole by drawing two crossing lines. Use a center
 
punch to make an indentation for the drill point to aid the drill in starting the hole.
 
  
2. Select the proper drill bit according to the size needed.
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'''Best for: Detail work'''
  
3. Select an appropriate size center drill.
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A scroll saw is a small electric or pedal-operated saw used to cut intricate curves in wood, metal, or other materials. The fineness of its blade allows it to cut more delicately than a power jigsaw, and more easily than a hand coping saw or fretsaw.
  
4. Select a cutting fluid '''when necessary'''.
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5. Properly secure the workpiece to the table.
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==Drills==
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----
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===[[Cordless Drill]]===
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:''Main Article: [[Cordless Drill]]''
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[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|Cordless Drill]]
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A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.
  
6. Select the correct RPM for the drill bit. Take into account: size of bit, material, and
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Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.  
depth of hole to be drilled.
 
  
7. Use an interrupted feed, called peck drilling, to break up the chips being produced.
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Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.
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8. Pilot holes should be used on holes larger than 3/8” dia. Holes are to be enlarged in no
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===[[Drill Press]]===
more than 1/4” increments.
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:''Main Article :[[Drill Press]]''
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[[File:drill_press1.jpg|thumb|left|Drill press.]]
  
9. Clean the drill press and surrounding area when finished.
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A drill press is a drill mounted on a stand and is used for cutting cylindrical holes in a workpiece or part. The drill press can be used for drilling, reaming, countersinking, counterboring, and tapping.  
  
'''Safety'''
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A drill press has several advantages over a hand drill, including a more consistent operation, the ability to drill into denser and harder materials, and the ability to use a wider range of bits for a wide variety of applications.
  
1. No attempt should be made to operate a drill press until you are certain you understand
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the proper procedures for its use.
 
  
2. Dress appropriately. Remove all watches and jewelry. Safety glasses or goggles are a must.
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==Sanders / Grinders==
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----
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===[[Disc/Belt Sander]]===
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:''Main Article : [[Disc/Belt Sander]]''
  
3. Plan out your work thoroughly before starting.
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[[File:DiscBelt.PNG|thumb|left|Disc/Belt sander combo.]] 
  
4. Know the location of the OFF button.
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Belt/disc sander is two sanding tools combined into one unit.
  
5. Clamp all work securely to the table.
 
  
6. '''Always remove the chuck key immediately''' after using it. A key left in the chuck will
 
be thrown out at a high velocity when the machine is turned on. Never let the chuck key
 
leave your hand except to put it back into its holder.
 
  
7. Never stop a drill press spindle with your hand after you have turned off the machine.
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Chips often build up around the chuck.
 
  
8. Use a brush, not your hands, to remove chips from the machine. Do not clean up while
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===[[Handheld Sanders | Handheld Sanders]]===
the machine is running.
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:''Main Article : [[Handheld Sanders]]''
  
9. Remove burrs from drilled workpieces as soon as possible.
 
  
10. '''Keep the floor area clean. Immediately wipe up any oil spills'''.
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[[File:Dewalt palmSander1.jpg|thumb|left|Orbital sander]]
  
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A sander is a power tool used to smooth surfaces by abrasion with sandpaper.
  
'''
 
== '''Circular Saw''' ==
 
'''
 
  
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<br clear=all>
  
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==Lathes and Mills==
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----
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===Grizzly G0769  Lathe with Milling Head===
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:''Main Article : [[Tabletop Mill/Lathe Combo]]''
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[[File:GrizzlyMillLathe.jpg|thumb|left|Grizzly Mill Lathe Combo.]]
  
Instructional Video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpA0hYeRVmw
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This machine is a Mill and Lathe combined into one small package.  
  
Safety Instructions:
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With the milling head, you can drill precision holes or cut out channels through most plastics and soft metals. The machine spins a special drill bit called an "Endmill" which allows you to move the material you are cutting in the X and Y direction accurately. On larger machines, you can cut mild steels and even harder material with the proper cutting tools.
  
1. Always wear eye protection when operating circular saws.
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With the lathe, you are able to cut circular objects and create various shafts, bushings, spacers, and other objects. Cylindrical stock is placed in the lathe head and spun very fast. A cutting tool is then used to cut in the X and Y direction to create faces and contours in the object.
  
2. Tie up loose clothing and hair, and remove jewelry that could be pulled into the saw.
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Hearingprotection is also recommended as saws are very loud and can lead to hearing loss.
 
  
3. Verify that the saw blade or abrasive cutting disc has a RPM rating ABOVE the saw RPM.
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==Routers==
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----
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===Handheld Routers===
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:''Main Article: [[Handheld Router]]''
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[[File:Handheld_Router.jpg|thumb|left|Handheld Router.]]
  
4. Set the saw cutting depth as shallow as possible – avoid letting the blade protrude much below
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A handheld router is a machine that works similarly to a CNC and chisels away unwanted pieces of material. The height of the router bit can be manually adjusted. Bits are shaped differently depending on the job, such as if a joint is being created.
the stock being cut.
 
  
5. '''Never set a circular saw down unless the blade has completely stopped'''.
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6. Make adjustments and change blades only when unplugged.
 
 
 
7. Do not hold or force the retracting lower guard in the open position.
 
 
 
8. Do not place hand under the shoe or guard of the saw.
 
 
 
9. Do not over tighten the blade-locking nut.
 
 
 
10. Do not twist the saw to change, cut or check alignment.
 
 
 
11. Do not use a saw that vibrates or appears unsafe in any way.
 
 
 
12. Do not force the saw during cutting – forcing can cause kickback.
 
 
 
13. Do not cut materials without first checking for obstructions or other objects such as nails and screws.
 
 
 
14. Do not carry the saw with a finger on the trigger switch.
 
 
 
15. Do not overreach and make sure to keep proper footing and balance.
 
 
 
16. Do not rip stock without using a wedge or guide clamped or nailed to the stock.
 
 
 
17. Make sure the stock will not fall and “bind” the circular saw – kickback can occur.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
== '''Miter Saw"" ==
 
 
 
 
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kFs-30mFU1A
 
 
 
Safety Instructions:
 
 
 
1. Always wear eye protection when using the miter saw.
 
 
 
2. Use clamps to support workpiece whenever possible. If supporting the workpiece by hand, you
 
must always keep hand outside of “No Hand” area that is marked in yellow. Never feed the
 
workpiece into the blade or cut freehand in any way.
 
 
 
3. Do not use this saw to cut pieces that are too small to be securely clamped, or that require your
 
hand be placed in the “No Hand” area near the blade. When cutting small or irregularly shaped
 
pieces first attach the workpiece to a jig/fixture.
 
 
 
4. Do not reach in back of the saw blade behind the fence with either hand to hold down or support
 
the workpiece, remove wood scraps, or for any other reason.
 
 
 
5. Never cross your hand over intended line of cutting. Supporting the workpiece “cross-handed”
 
i.e. holding the left side of the workpiece with your right hand is very dangerous.
 
 
 
6. Always disconnect the power cord from the power source before making any adjustments or
 
attaching any accessories.
 
 
 
7. Only use the miter saw to cut wood or wood-like materials.
 
 
 
8. Inspect your workpiece before cutting. If workpiece is bowed or warped, clamp it with the
 
outside bowed face toward the fence. Always make certain that there is no gap between the
 
workpiece, fence and table along the line of cut. Also, make sure there are no nails or foreign
 
objects in the workpiece.
 
 
 
9. Do not use the saw until the table is clear of all tools, wood scraps,
 
etc., except the workpiece.
 
 
 
10. Cut only one piece at a time.
 
 
 
11. Provide adequate support accessories such as tables;
 
saw horses, table extensions, etc. for workpieces wider or longer than the table top
 
 
 
12. '''Let the blade reach full speed before contacting the workpiece'''.
 
 
 
13. If the workpiece or blade becomes jammed or bogged down, turn
 
miter saw “OFF” by releasing the switch.
 
 
 
14. After finishing the cut, release the switch, hold the saw arm down and
 
wait for blade to stop before removing work or cutoff piece.
 
 
 
15. Turn on the dust collection system and close all gates, except that for the miter saw
 
 
 
 
 
== '''Belt/Disc Sander''' ==
 
 
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H9cGyL3BoY
 
 
 
Safety Instructions:
 
 
 
1. Always wear eye protection when using a belt/disc sander.
 
 
 
2. Remove ties, ring, watch and other jewelry, and roll up sleeves before using the belt/disc sander.
 
 
 
3. Make all adjustment on the belt/disc sander with the power OFF.
 
 
 
4. Make sure the sand belt or disc is not torn or loose before using the sander.
 
 
 
5. Always hold the work firmly when sanding.
 
 
 
6. Always use the backstop when belt sander is in the horizontal position.
 
 
 
7. Always hold the work firmly on the table when sanding on the disc.
 
 
 
8. Never wear gloves or hold work with a rag when sanding.
 
 
 
9. Do not sand pieces of material that are too small to be safely supported.
 
 
 
10. Avoid awkward hand positions where a sudden slip could cause a hand to move into the
 
sanding belt or disc.
 
 
 
11. When sanding a large work piece, provide additional support at table height.
 
 
 
12. Do not sand with the work piece unsupported. Support the work piece with the backstop or
 
table. The only exception is curved work performed on the outer sanding drum.
 
 
 
 
 
13. Always turn the machine off and disconnect the cord from the power source before installing or
 
removing accessories or when making repairs
 
 
 
14. Never leave the machine work area when the power is on or before the machine has come to a
 
complete stop.
 
 
 
15. Shut off power and clean the sander and work area before leaving the area.
 
 
 
 
 
== '''Bench Grinder Safety''' ==
 
 
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znnurySP3no
 
Safety Instructions:
 
 
 
1. Always wear eye protection (safety glasses or a face shield).
 
 
 
2. Remove tie, rings, watch and other jewelry and roll up sleeves.
 
 
 
3. Make sure the wheel guards are in place. Grinding creates heat; '''don't touch any portion of
 
the workpiece until you are sure it has cooled'''.
 
 
 
4. Adjust the spark guards to be close to the wheel, and re-adjust these spark guards as the
 
wheels wear down to a smaller diameter
 
 
 
5. Be sure blotters and wheel flanges are used to mount the grinding wheels onto the shaft of the grinder.
 
 
 
6. Stand to one side of the wheel when turning on power
 
 
 
7. Tool rests should be adjusted close to the wheels and thoroughly tightened in place so they
 
cannot shift position while in use
 
 
 
8. Inspect the wheels before turning on the power. DO NOT use wheels that have been chipped
 
or cracked.
 
 
 
9. '''When grinding, use the face of the wheel only'''.
 
 
 
10. Dress the wheel on the face only. Dressing the side of the wheel would cause it to become
 
too thin for safe use.
 
 
 
11. DO NOT use a wheel that vibrates. Dress wheel, replace the wheel, or replace the bearings of
 
the shaft if these are worn. Grinding creates heat; don't touch ground portion of workpiece
 
until you are sure workpiece has cooled.
 
 
 
12. Shut off the power and do not leave guards as the wheels wear down to a until the wheel
 
has come to a complete stop and the work area is clean when finished using machine.
 
 
 
 
 
== '''CNC Router''' ==
 
 
 
Instructional Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Xwp6hxBYyI
 
 
 
Safety Instructions:
 
 
 
1. Wear safety glasses and hearing protection when the router is in operation.
 
 
 
2. Check wood stock for defects before cutting, such as knots, cracks, and foreign objects.
 
 
 
3. '''Never leave the machine unattended''' while it is in operation.
 
 
 
4. '''Never reach into the working envelope''' of the machine while it is running.
 
 
 
5. Never perform any maintenance or cleanup without lockout power switch in off position.
 
 
 
6. Visually ensure that all tools and cutting tools are completely stopped before removing guards or
 
performing any clean-up or maintenance.
 
 
 
7. Avoid unsafe hold down practices that can shatter a bit or allow parts to move during cutting
 
(e.g. using too many screws close to cut geomentry)
 
 
 
8. Create cutting files that avoid small parts flying out when being cut.
 
 
 
9. Be within reach of the e-stop or pause button when the machine is in operation.
 
 
 
10. Turn on the dust collection system and close all gates, except that for the CNC Router
 

Latest revision as of 20:46, 7 May 2020

Power Tools

OSHA 3080 defines a power tool as any tool requiring external electrical, pneumatic, or chemical power to function.

Before using any of the powered shop machines, users should observe proper personal protection equipment, verify machine is set up correctly and securely, and turn on dust collector and open damper gates (if applicable).

Work gloves should never be used with power tools. Loose hanging clothes, like loose sleeves or hoodie strings, should be secured and out of the way. Accessories such as rings, bracelets, and watches should be removed prior to using machines.


Saws


Table Saw

Main Article : Table Saw
Table Saw

Best for: Straight cuts

A table saw is a circular saw mounted under a table. The blade projects up through a slot on the table, and cuts to material are made by running the material over the table and into the blade. The table saw is typically used for straight cuts to flat pieces of material, i.e. sheets or sticks of wood, sheets of acrylic or foam, etc.

The table saw is one of the most accurate and efficient ways to make a straight cut in flat material, but is also one of the most dangerous tools in the shop. Aside from blade related injuries, the biggest potential for injury comes from kickback, as the user is essentially working against the blade to make a cut. When using the table saw, it is important to be aware of possibilities for kickback, and take appropriate measures in preventing such situations.

Here in the idea shop, we have a variety of tools (push sticks, sleds, miter jigs, etc) for use with the table saw to enable users to more safely make cuts on the saw.


Bandsaw

Main Article : Bandsaw
Delta band saw.

Best for: Curvilinear cuts, splitting tall material

A bandsaw is a saw with a long, ribbon-like blade of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels. Material is cut by moving along material along the table and into the path of the blade and used with or without a fence.

Advantages include the ability to cut irregularly shaped materials, and the ability to cut curved shapes in a variety of materials. Additionally, since the blade is pulling the material down towards the table, it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The blade itself can come in a variety of sizes and tooth pitch, which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.


Circular Saw

Main Article : Circular Saw
Circular saw.

A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed or abrasive disc or blade to cut different materials using a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A circular saw is used for cutting many materials such as wood, masonry, plastic, or metal, and may be hand-held or mounted. In woodworking, the term "circular saw" refers specifically to the hand-held saw.The table saw and chop saw are other common circular saws. "Skil saw" has become a generic trademark for conventional hand-held circular saws. Appropriate saw blades should be used depending on the material used. Asked for help if needed.


Miter Saw

Main Article : Miter Saw
Miter saw.

Best for: Angled crosscuts in wood

A power miter saw, also known as a drop saw or chop saw, is a power tool used to make a quick, accurate crosscut in a workpiece at a selected angle. In standard position, this cut angle is fixed at 90°, though may be quickly changed to cut to common angles (such as 15°, 22.5°, 30°, and 45°).


Panel Saw

Main Article : Panel Saw
Panel saw.

Best for: Cutting down large sheets of material

The panel saw is a circular saw affixed to rails that is used to easily cut down large (as large as 4'x8') sheets of material. The size of the stock normally requires two people to load the material safely into the machine.

The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit that can be used to make both vertical and horizontal cuts to material, though horizontal cuts require that the saw remain stationary and the material moved through the saw. Wood, wood products, acrylic, foam, and other soft materials can all be cut on the panel saw.

The panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making large straight cuts, especially on large stock materials.


Planer Saw

Main Article : Planer Saw
Planer Saw

Best for: Resurfacing wood, trimming down wood to a specified thickness

The planer is a machine with a flatbed and a cylindrical blade above the flatbed. The cylindrical blades shave off the top of a sheet of wood to achieve a flat finish on the top of the wood piece. The planer is a good machine for smoothing/resurfacing the face of a piece of wood, for flattening warped sheets of wood, or for shaving wood down to a specified thickness.


Scroll Saw

Main Article : Scroll Saw
Scroll Saw


Best for: Detail work

A scroll saw is a small electric or pedal-operated saw used to cut intricate curves in wood, metal, or other materials. The fineness of its blade allows it to cut more delicately than a power jigsaw, and more easily than a hand coping saw or fretsaw.


Drills


Cordless Drill

Main Article: Cordless Drill
Cordless Drill

A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.

Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.

Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.

Drill Press

Main Article :Drill Press
Drill press.

A drill press is a drill mounted on a stand and is used for cutting cylindrical holes in a workpiece or part. The drill press can be used for drilling, reaming, countersinking, counterboring, and tapping.

A drill press has several advantages over a hand drill, including a more consistent operation, the ability to drill into denser and harder materials, and the ability to use a wider range of bits for a wide variety of applications.


Sanders / Grinders


Disc/Belt Sander

Main Article : Disc/Belt Sander
Disc/Belt sander combo.

Belt/disc sander is two sanding tools combined into one unit.



Handheld Sanders

Main Article : Handheld Sanders


Orbital sander

A sander is a power tool used to smooth surfaces by abrasion with sandpaper.



Lathes and Mills


Grizzly G0769 Lathe with Milling Head

Main Article : Tabletop Mill/Lathe Combo
Grizzly Mill Lathe Combo.

This machine is a Mill and Lathe combined into one small package.

With the milling head, you can drill precision holes or cut out channels through most plastics and soft metals. The machine spins a special drill bit called an "Endmill" which allows you to move the material you are cutting in the X and Y direction accurately. On larger machines, you can cut mild steels and even harder material with the proper cutting tools.

With the lathe, you are able to cut circular objects and create various shafts, bushings, spacers, and other objects. Cylindrical stock is placed in the lathe head and spun very fast. A cutting tool is then used to cut in the X and Y direction to create faces and contours in the object.


Routers


Handheld Routers

Main Article: Handheld Router
Handheld Router.

A handheld router is a machine that works similarly to a CNC and chisels away unwanted pieces of material. The height of the router bit can be manually adjusted. Bits are shaped differently depending on the job, such as if a joint is being created.