Difference between revisions of "Power Tools"

From ProtoLab Wiki
(Belt/Disc Sander)
(Machine Proficiency)
(22 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 11: Line 11:
 
[[File:Delta_bandsaw1.jpg|thumb|left|Delta band saw.]]
 
[[File:Delta_bandsaw1.jpg|thumb|left|Delta band saw.]]
  
A bandsaw (also written band saw) is a saw with a long, sharp blade consisting of a continuous band of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels to cut material. Advantages include uniform cutting action as a result of an evenly distributed tooth load, and the ability to cut irregular or curved shapes like a jigsaw. Additionally since the blade is pulling the material into the table it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The minimum radius of a curve is determined by the width of the band and its kerf. Most bandsaws have two wheels rotating in the same plane, one of which is powered, although some may have three or four to distribute the load. The blade itself can come in a variety of size and tooth pitch (teeth per inch, or TPI) which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.
+
A bandsaw is a saw with a long, sharp blade consisting of a continuous band of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels to cut material. Advantages include uniform cutting action as a result of an evenly distributed tooth load and the ability to cut irregular or curved shapes like a jigsaw. Additionally, since the blade is pulling the material into the table, it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The minimum radius of a curve is determined by the width of the band and its kerf. Most bandsaws have two wheels rotating in the same plane, one of which is powered. However, some may have three or four wheels to distribute the load. The blade itself can come in a variety of sizes and tooth pitch (teeth per inch, or TPI), which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.
  
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
Line 19: Line 19:
 
[[File:circular_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Circular saw.]]  
 
[[File:circular_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Circular saw.]]  
  
A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed or abrasive disc or blade to cut different materials using a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A circular saw is a tool for cutting many materials such as wood, masonry, plastic, or metal and may be hand-held or mounted to a machine. In woodworking the term "circular saw" refers specifically to the hand-held type and the table saw and chop saw are other common forms of circular saws. "Skil saw" has become a generic trademark for conventional hand-held circular saws. Circular saw blades are specially designed for each particular material they are intended to cut and in cutting wood are specifically designed for making rip-cuts, cross-cuts, or a combination of both.
+
A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed or abrasive disc or blade to cut different materials using a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A circular saw is used for cutting many materials such as wood, masonry, plastic, or metal, and may be hand-held or mounted. In woodworking, the term "circular saw" refers specifically to the hand-held saw.The table saw and chop saw are other common circular saws. "Skil saw" has become a generic trademark for conventional hand-held circular saws. Appropriate saw blades should be used depending on the material used. Asked for help if needed.  
  
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
Line 27: Line 27:
 
[[File:Miter_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Miter saw.]]  
 
[[File:Miter_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Miter saw.]]  
  
A power miter saw, also known as a drop saw or chop saw, is a power tool used to make a quick, accurate crosscut in a workpiece at a selected angle. Commonly used for cutting of molding and trim. Most miter saws are relatively small and portable, with common blade sizes ranging from eight to twelve inches. The miter saw makes cuts by pulling a spinning circular saw blade down onto a workpiece in a short, controlled motion. The workpiece is typically held against a fence, which provides a precise cutting angle between the plane of the blade and the plane of the longest workpiece edge. In standard position, this angle is fixed at 90°. A primary distinguishing feature of the miter saw is the miter index that allows the angle of the blade to be changed relative to the fence. While most miter saws enable precise one-degree incremental changes to the miter index, many also provide "stops" that allow the miter index to be quickly set to common angles (such as 15°, 22.5°, 30°, and 45°). Compound-Miter saws add the ability to rotate the blade head at a range of angles from the board allowing you to enter the wood at an angle other than 90 degrees. Creates a ramp angled cut into the side of the wood. Allows for more complex cuts and is commonly used in trim work for homes.
+
A power miter saw, also known as a drop saw or chop saw, is a power tool used to make a quick, accurate crosscut in a workpiece at a selected angle. It is commonly used for cutting of molding and trim. Most miter saws are relatively small and portable, with common blade sizes ranging from eight to twelve inches. The miter saw makes cuts by pulling a spinning circular saw blade down onto a workpiece in a short, controlled motion. The workpiece is typically held against a fence, which provides a precise cutting angle between the plane of the blade and the plane of the longest workpiece edge. In standard position, this angle is fixed at 90°. A primary distinguishing feature of the miter saw is the miter index that allows the angle of the blade to be changed relative to the fence. While most miter saws enable precise one-degree incremental changes to the miter index, many also provide "stops" that allow the miter index to be quickly set to common angles (such as 15°, 22.5°, 30°, and 45°). Compound-Miter saws add the ability to rotate the blade head at a range of angles from the board allowing you to enter the wood at an angle other than 90 degrees. Creates a ramp angled cut into the side of the wood. Allows for more complex cuts and is commonly used in trim work for homes.
  
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
Line 35: Line 35:
 
[[File:Panel_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Panel saw.]]  
 
[[File:Panel_saw1.jpg|thumb|left|Panel saw.]]  
  
The panel saw is any type of circular sawing machine with a sliding table or saw blade that crosscuts sheets into sized parts. The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit with a sliding saw blade. This is especially useful for cutting down large standard 4' x 8' sheets of plywood, melamine, acrylic or cardboard. The saw normally operates in the vertical cutting direction, however the blade can be rotated to rip long steps from sheet material. Many circular saw blades are available to cut a variety of materials from wood to metals. Because of guards the panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making straight cuts, especially on large stock materials.  The size of the stock normally requires two poeple to load the material safely into the machine.  
+
The panel saw is any type of circular sawing machine with a sliding table or saw blade that crosscuts sheets into sized parts. The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit with a sliding saw blade. This is especially useful for cutting down large standard 4' x 8' sheets of plywood, melamine, acrylic or cardboard. The saw normally operates in the vertical cutting direction, however the blade can be rotated to rip long steps from sheet material. Many circular saw blades are available to cut a variety of materials from wood to metals. Because of guards the panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making straight cuts, especially on large stock materials.  The size of the stock normally requires two people to load the material safely into the machine.
 +
 
 +
<br clear=all>
 +
 
 +
===Planer Saw===
 +
:''Main Article : [[Planer Saw]]''
 +
[[File:Planer_Saw.jpg|thumb|left|Planer Saw]]
 +
 
 +
The planer saw is a machine with a flatbed and a cylindrical blade above the flatbed. The cylindrical blades shave off the top of a sheet of wood to achieve a flat finish on the top of the wood sheet. The planer is a good machine for flattening warped sheets of wood or making segments of a table top.  The maximum height of block that the planer can cut is 6", and the maximum cutting width is 13". For short pieces of wood, it is recommended to attach the desired wood on top of a longer sheet of wood with double sided tape before pushing it through the machine's blades.
  
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
Line 42: Line 50:
 
----
 
----
 
===Cordless Drill===
 
===Cordless Drill===
:''Main Article :[[Cordless Drill]]''
+
:''Main Article: [[Cordless Drill]]''
 
[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|Cordless Drill]]
 
[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|Cordless Drill]]
 +
A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. These drills are available with similar features to an AC mains-powered drill. They are available in the hammer drill configuration and most have a clutch, which aids in driving screws into various substrates while not damaging them.
 +
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
  
Line 62: Line 72:
 
:''Main Article : [[Sanders]]''
 
:''Main Article : [[Sanders]]''
 
[[File:skil_belt_sander.png|thumb|left|Manual Belt sander.]]  
 
[[File:skil_belt_sander.png|thumb|left|Manual Belt sander.]]  
 +
 +
[[File:Dewalt palmSander1.jpg|thumb|left|Manual Orbital sander.]]
 +
 +
Belt sanders are primarily used to rapidly sand wood, normally removing larger chunks than sanding by hand. Using a sander can result in a smooth surface on wood. Some belt sanders can also be used on metals such as aluminum.
  
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H9cGyL3BoY
 
Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H9cGyL3BoY
Line 76: Line 90:
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
  
<!--
+
 
==Lathes==
+
==Lathes and Mills==
 
----
 
----
===Wood Lathe===
+
===Grizzly G0769  Lathe with Milling Head===
:''Main Article : [[Wood Lathe]]''
+
:''Main Article : [[Manual Mill and Lathe]]''
[[File:Jet_lathe1.jpg|thumb|left|Woodworking lathe.]]
+
[[File:GrizzlyMillLathe.jpg|thumb|left|Grizzly Mill Lathe Combo.]]
  
Safety;
+
A lathe mill combo
  
1. No attempt should be made to operate the lathe until you understand the proper
+
<br clear=all>
procedures for its use and have been checked out on it.
 
  
2. Dress appropriately. Remove all watches and jewelry. Safety glasses or goggles are a must.
+
==Routers==
 +
----
 +
===Handheld Routers===
 +
:''Main Article: [[Handheld Router]]''
 +
[[File:Handheld_Router.jpg|thumb|left|Handheld Router.]]
  
3. Plan out your work thoroughly before starting.
+
A handheld router is a machine that works similarly to a CNC and chisels away unwanted pieces of material. The height of the router bit can be manually adjusted. Bits are shaped differently depending on the job, such as if a joint is being created.
  
4. Know were the location of the OFF switch is.
+
<br clear=all>
  
5. Be sure the work and holding device are firmly attached.
+
==Sewing Machines==
 +
----
 +
===Sewing Machine===
 +
:''Main Article: [[Sewing Machines]]''
 +
[[File:singer4423.png|thumb|left|Singer 4423 Heavy duty sewing machine.]]
  
6. Turn the chuck by hand, with the lathe turned OFF, to be sure there is no danger of
+
Sewing machines use thread to stitch together pieces of fabric.
striking any part of the lathe.
 
  
7. '''Always remove the chuck key from the chuck immediately after us'''e, and before
+
<br clear=all>
operating the lathe. Make it a habit to never let go of the chuck key until it is out of the
 
chuck and back in its holder.
 
  
8. Keep the machine clear of tools. Tools must not be placed on the ways of the lathe.
+
----
 
+
===Embroidery Machine===
9. Stop the lathe before making any measurements, adjustments, or cleaning.
+
:''Main Article: [[Embroidery Machines]]''
 
+
[[File:BrotherPE800.jpeg|thumb|left|Brother PE800 embroidery machine available in the Idea shop.]]
10. Support all work solidly. Do not permit small diameter work to project too far from
 
the chuck, (over 3X’s the work’s diameter), without support.
 
 
 
12. If the work must be repositioned or removed from the lathe. Move the cutting tool
 
clear of the work to prevent any accidental injuries.
 
 
 
13. You should always be aware of the direction of travel and speed of the carriage
 
before you engage the automatic feed.
 
 
 
14. Chips are sharp. Do not attempt to remove them with your hand when they become
 
“stringy” and build up on the tool post or workpiece. Stop the machine and remove them with pliers.
 
 
 
15. '''Stop the lathe immediately if any odd noise or vibration develops''' while you are
 
operating it. If you can not locate the source of the trouble, get help from the instructor.
 
Under no circumstance should the lathe be operated until the problem has been corrected.
 
 
 
16. Remove sharp edges and burrs from the work before removing it from the lathe.
 
  
17. Use care when cleaning the lathe. Chips sometimes get caught in recesses. Remove
+
Embroidery machines use special stitch files to create thread designs on fabric.
them with a brush or short stick. Never use a floor brush to clean the machine. Use only a
 
brush, compressed air, or a rag
 
-->
 

Revision as of 17:03, 10 September 2019

Power Tools

OSHA 3080 defines a power tool as any tool requiring external electrical, pneumatic, or chemical power to function.


Saws


Bandsaw

Main Article : Bandsaw
Delta band saw.

A bandsaw is a saw with a long, sharp blade consisting of a continuous band of toothed metal stretched between two or more wheels to cut material. Advantages include uniform cutting action as a result of an evenly distributed tooth load and the ability to cut irregular or curved shapes like a jigsaw. Additionally, since the blade is pulling the material into the table, it is unlikely there will be kickback or ricochets. The minimum radius of a curve is determined by the width of the band and its kerf. Most bandsaws have two wheels rotating in the same plane, one of which is powered. However, some may have three or four wheels to distribute the load. The blade itself can come in a variety of sizes and tooth pitch (teeth per inch, or TPI), which enables the machine to be highly versatile and able to cut a wide variety of materials including wood, metal and plastic.


Circular Saw

Main Article : Circular Saw
Circular saw.

A circular saw is a power-saw using a toothed or abrasive disc or blade to cut different materials using a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. A circular saw is used for cutting many materials such as wood, masonry, plastic, or metal, and may be hand-held or mounted. In woodworking, the term "circular saw" refers specifically to the hand-held saw.The table saw and chop saw are other common circular saws. "Skil saw" has become a generic trademark for conventional hand-held circular saws. Appropriate saw blades should be used depending on the material used. Asked for help if needed.


Miter Saw

Main Article : Miter Saw
Miter saw.

A power miter saw, also known as a drop saw or chop saw, is a power tool used to make a quick, accurate crosscut in a workpiece at a selected angle. It is commonly used for cutting of molding and trim. Most miter saws are relatively small and portable, with common blade sizes ranging from eight to twelve inches. The miter saw makes cuts by pulling a spinning circular saw blade down onto a workpiece in a short, controlled motion. The workpiece is typically held against a fence, which provides a precise cutting angle between the plane of the blade and the plane of the longest workpiece edge. In standard position, this angle is fixed at 90°. A primary distinguishing feature of the miter saw is the miter index that allows the angle of the blade to be changed relative to the fence. While most miter saws enable precise one-degree incremental changes to the miter index, many also provide "stops" that allow the miter index to be quickly set to common angles (such as 15°, 22.5°, 30°, and 45°). Compound-Miter saws add the ability to rotate the blade head at a range of angles from the board allowing you to enter the wood at an angle other than 90 degrees. Creates a ramp angled cut into the side of the wood. Allows for more complex cuts and is commonly used in trim work for homes.


Panel Saw

Main Article : Panel Saw
Panel saw.

The panel saw is any type of circular sawing machine with a sliding table or saw blade that crosscuts sheets into sized parts. The Idea Shop panel saw is a vertical unit with a sliding saw blade. This is especially useful for cutting down large standard 4' x 8' sheets of plywood, melamine, acrylic or cardboard. The saw normally operates in the vertical cutting direction, however the blade can be rotated to rip long steps from sheet material. Many circular saw blades are available to cut a variety of materials from wood to metals. Because of guards the panel saw is a much safer alternative to the table saw for making straight cuts, especially on large stock materials. The size of the stock normally requires two people to load the material safely into the machine.


Planer Saw

Main Article : Planer Saw
Planer Saw

The planer saw is a machine with a flatbed and a cylindrical blade above the flatbed. The cylindrical blades shave off the top of a sheet of wood to achieve a flat finish on the top of the wood sheet. The planer is a good machine for flattening warped sheets of wood or making segments of a table top. The maximum height of block that the planer can cut is 6", and the maximum cutting width is 13". For short pieces of wood, it is recommended to attach the desired wood on top of a longer sheet of wood with double sided tape before pushing it through the machine's blades.


Drills


Cordless Drill

Main Article: Cordless Drill
Cordless Drill

A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. These drills are available with similar features to an AC mains-powered drill. They are available in the hammer drill configuration and most have a clutch, which aids in driving screws into various substrates while not damaging them.


Drill Press

Main Article :Drill Press
Drill press.

Drilling machines, or drill presses, are primarily used to drill or enlarge a cylindrical hole in a workpiece or part. The chief operation performed on the drill press is drilling, but other possible operations include: reaming, countersinking, counterboring, and tapping.


Sanders / Grinders


Belt/Disc Sander

Main Article : Sanders
Manual Belt sander.
Manual Orbital sander.

Belt sanders are primarily used to rapidly sand wood, normally removing larger chunks than sanding by hand. Using a sander can result in a smooth surface on wood. Some belt sanders can also be used on metals such as aluminum.

Instructional Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H9cGyL3BoY



Bench Grinder

Main Article : Bench Grinder
Bench grinder.

A bench grinder is a benchtop type of grinding machine used to drive abrasive wheels. A pedestal grinder is a similar or larger version of grinder that is mounted on a pedestal, which may be bolted to the floor or may sit on rubber feet. These types of grinders are commonly used to hand grind various cutting tools and perform other rough grinding. Depending on the bond and grade of the grinding wheel, it may be used for sharpening cutting tools such as tool bits, drill bits, chisels, and gouges. Alternatively, it may be used to roughly shape metal prior to welding or fitting. A wire brush wheel or buffing wheels can be interchanged with the grinding wheels in order to clean or polish workpieces. Stiff buffing wheels can also be used when deburring is the task at hand. Some buffing machines (buffers) are built on the same concept as bench grinders except for longer housings and arbors with buffing wheels instead of grinding wheels.



Lathes and Mills


Grizzly G0769 Lathe with Milling Head

Main Article : Manual Mill and Lathe
Grizzly Mill Lathe Combo.

A lathe mill combo


Routers


Handheld Routers

Main Article: Handheld Router
Handheld Router.

A handheld router is a machine that works similarly to a CNC and chisels away unwanted pieces of material. The height of the router bit can be manually adjusted. Bits are shaped differently depending on the job, such as if a joint is being created.


Sewing Machines


Sewing Machine

Main Article: Sewing Machines
Singer 4423 Heavy duty sewing machine.

Sewing machines use thread to stitch together pieces of fabric.



Embroidery Machine

Main Article: Embroidery Machines
Brother PE800 embroidery machine available in the Idea shop.

Embroidery machines use special stitch files to create thread designs on fabric.