Difference between revisions of "Form2"

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[[File:Form2.JPG|thumb|right|Form2 3D Printer in the Maker Space]]
 
[[File:Form2.JPG|thumb|right|Form2 3D Printer in the Maker Space]]
 +
 +
  
 
__TOC__
 
__TOC__
  
The Form 2 3D printer,developed by formlabs, is a stereolithography (SLA) machine that creates parts using liquid plastic that is solidified layer by layer using UV light. This results in a resolution of approximately 25 microns per layer.
+
The Form 2 3D printer ,developed by formlabs, is a stereolithography (SLA) machine that creates parts using a liquid plastic that is solidified layer by layer using UV light. Resolution can be adjusted to anywhere from 25 to 100 microns per layer.
 +
 
 +
==About==
 +
----
 +
 
 +
:''Main Article : [[About the Form2]]''
 +
 
  
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 +
:'''Material :''' Plastic Resin (Liquid)
 
:'''Price :''' Starts at  $0.75/cm^3
 
:'''Price :''' Starts at  $0.75/cm^3
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 144mm x 144mm x 175mm (5.7in x 5.7in x 6.9in)
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 144mm x 144mm x 175mm (5.7in x 5.7in x 6.9in)
Line 17: Line 26:
 
*Highly Detailed
 
*Highly Detailed
 
*Sturdy Parts
 
*Sturdy Parts
*Multiple resins available
+
*Multiple are resins available
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
</div>
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</div>
 
</div>
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
 +
  
 
==Processing==
 
==Processing==
 
----
 
----
 +
===Processing 3D Files===
 
:''Main Article : [[Processing 3D Files]]''
 
:''Main Article : [[Processing 3D Files]]''
 
[[File:Good Netfab Capture.PNG|thumb|right|Good STL in Netfabb]]
 
[[File:Good Netfab Capture.PNG|thumb|right|Good STL in Netfabb]]
After you have designed the 3D model of your desired part, export the part in the STereoLithography (.stl) file format. The STL format describes only the surface geometry of the object instead of the object as a whole. Then open the file in the Autodesk Netfabb software to repair the file.
+
After you have designed the 3D model of your desired part, export the part in the StereoLithography (.stl) file format. The .stl format describes only the surface geometry of the object instead of the object as a whole. Then open the file in the Autodesk Netfabb software to repair the file.
 
;We will only process STLs which have<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
;We will only process STLs which have<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
:1 shell per continuous part
 
:1 shell per continuous part
Line 45: Line 56:
 
:0 holes.
 
:0 holes.
  
Even if Netfabb reports no invalid orientations, if we see red triangles in repair mode there is a problem with your model. Print at your own risk.
+
Even if Netfabb reports no invalid orientations, red triangles are present in repair mode there is a problem with your model. Print at your own risk.
  
 
===Fixing a File===
 
===Fixing a File===
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Students are welcome to use any of our computers for fixing their files in Netfabb or Rhino.
 
Students are welcome to use any of our computers for fixing their files in Netfabb or Rhino.
 
;Here are some tips to get you started at home<nowiki>:</nowiki>  
 
;Here are some tips to get you started at home<nowiki>:</nowiki>  
:Ideally in Rhino you want one closed polysurface before meshing.
+
*Ideally in Rhino you want one closed polysurface before meshing.
:NetFabb is better at meshing than Rhino. Consider opening the 3dm file in NetFabb to generate the STL instead.  
+
*NetFabb is better at meshing than Rhino. Consider opening the 3dm file in NetFabb to generate the STL instead.  
:Default repair is decent at fixing holes, border edges, and invalid orientations. Then try using boolean join to reduce shells down to 1.
+
*In Netfabb, the default repair is decent at fixing holes, border edges, and invalid orientations. Then try performing a boolean join to reduce shells down to 1.
:If boolean join results in multiple shells then most likely the shells are not contiguous. Consider deleting extra shells in model.
+
*If performing a boolean join results in multiple shells then most likely the shells are not contiguous, or connected. Consider deleting extra shells in model.
:Extended repair wraps an existing STL in a new mesh. This can severely alter geometry and result in thin walled sections.
+
*Extended repair wraps an existing STL in a new mesh. This can severely alter geometry and result in thin walled sections (not recommended).
 +
 
  
==Printing a Part==
+
 
 +
 
 +
==Printing==
 
----
 
----
:"Main Article : [[Printing a Part]]"
+
:''Main Article : [[Printing]]''
Once a file has been processed and is ready to be printed, find a shop supervisor to help add it to the queue. The length of the queue is highly variable, and the time it takes to print a model may range from a few days to being ready by the end of the day it is submitted. Keep in mind that the Form2 queue is very full during finals, midterms, and the time surrounding IPro Day. An estimate of queue length and a time to come pick up the part will be communicated to you once your part is added to the queue.
+
Once a file has been processed and is ready to be printed, find an Idea Shop Staff member to add your job to the queue. The length of the queue is highly variable, and the time it takes to print a model may range from a few days to being ready by the end of the day it is submitted. Keep in mind that the Form2 queue is very full during finals, midterms, and the time proceeding IPRO Day. An estimate of queue length and a time to come pick up the part will be communicated to you once your part is added to the queue.
Once a part is successfully in the queue, it is ready to be printed. The average part takes about 2 hours to print, while a very complex part could take full days to print.  
+
Once a part is successfully in the queue, it is ready to be printed. A simple small part can take as little as an hour to print, while a very complex part could take several days to print. The exact printing time will be shown before your part is added to the queue
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
  
===Cleaning Parts===
+
==Post Printing==
 +
----
 +
===Cleaning and Curing Parts===
 
[[File:form2_washandcure_2018.JPG|thumb|right|Washing and curing station for Form2 printed models]]
 
[[File:form2_washandcure_2018.JPG|thumb|right|Washing and curing station for Form2 printed models]]
:"Main Article : [[Removing and Cleaning a Part]]"
+
Once printing is complete, the part will be removed from the printer by an Idea Shop Staff member and run through the post-printing treatment to stabilize the piece;  Please allow 1-2 hours for post-printing treatment.
 +
 
 +
Once the part has been removed from the from the build plate, the part will be placed in an Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) bath to remove any extra uncured resin.
 +
*Removing a part involves: wearing gloves, removing build plate, removing part from plate, removing any particles of cured resin from liquid resin bath, using correct settings for alcohol bath.
 +
*Any tools used to remove the part must be scrubbed down with IPA to clean off uncured resin.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
'''Safety Notice: Uncured resin is toxic, and should not come into contact with skin or eyes. Always wear gloves and safety glasses when near uncured resin.'''
 +
 
 +
'''CLEAN UP''': If isopropyl alcohol comes in contact with orange plastic window, the plastic will become brittle and crack. '''DO NOT clean orange case with IPA!'''
 +
 
 +
Some parts may also require curing in the UV chamber to stabilize the component.
 +
*There must be an extra 30 min in between the wash and the bake in order to make sure all alcohol has evaporated to minimize combustion risk.
 +
 
 +
Refer to https://support.formlabs.com/s/article/Form-Cure-Time-and-Temperature-Settings?language=en_US for curing chamber settings.
 +
 
 +
Using the Form 2 Cure is optional, but highly recommended to ensure that the part is cured uniformly. Afterwards, the student will be responsible for removing supports; any marks left by the supports can be sanded away.
  
Safety Notice: Uncured resin is toxic, and should not come into contact with skin or eyes. Always wear gloves and safety glasses when near uncured resin.
 
  
Once printing is complete, the part is removed from the printer and placed in an Isopropyl Alcohol bath to remove any extra, uncured resin. Some parts may also require post-curing to stabilize the component. Please refer to https://support.formlabs.com/s/article/Form-Cure-Time-and-Temperature-Settings?language=en_US for curing settings. Afterwards, the student will be responsible for removing supports; any marks left by the supports may be sanded away.
 
  
 
==Machine Proficiency==
 
==Machine Proficiency==
 
----
 
----
<div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert" style="font-weight:bold; text-align:center">Under Construction</div>
 
 
In order for an individual to advance in machine proficiency they must demonstrate ability to perform certain actions or tasks. All levels include abilities and concepts from lower levels.
 
In order for an individual to advance in machine proficiency they must demonstrate ability to perform certain actions or tasks. All levels include abilities and concepts from lower levels.
  
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<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
*choosing the Form2
+
*Student can turn the machine, bath, and curing chamber off and on
 +
 
  
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual understands the concepts:
 
Individual understands the concepts:
* The Form2 uses a UV laser to cure the resin to create the print.
+
*The Form2 uses a UV laser to cure the resin to create the print.
 +
*Wall thickness requirement for Form2.
 +
*A remote desktop account is required to send the file to the printer.
 +
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
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<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
*Uploading correct file type to Netfabb.
+
*Correctly loading and sending file to Form2 queue
*Check for shells
+
*Analyzing a student's file with a Netfab proficiency level of 3 to prepare for printing
*Check for holes
+
*Correctly starting a print job
*Check for correct wall thickness.
+
 
*Export as STL
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual understands the concepts:
 
Individual understands the concepts:
*Wall thickness must be at or exceed the minimum or the part will fail.
+
*How to optimally place part on build plate (don't orient the bottom of the part to be parallel or perpendicular with the plate. Rather, angle large flat surfaces)
*One shell per one part is necessary.
+
 
*Holes can be problematic
 
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
 +
 
===<span style="background-color:yellow">Level 2</span>===
 
===<span style="background-color:yellow">Level 2</span>===
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
*Fixing shells and holes
+
*Swapping resin cartridges and tanks
*Correctly loading and sending file to Form2
+
*Removing a printed part from inside the Form2 (including bed cleanup)
 +
*Post-processing in the IPA bath and heater
 +
 
  
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual understands the concepts:
 
Individual understands the concepts:
*Boolean operations are used to correct shell problems.
+
*Proper cleanup techniques
*They need to have a remote desktop account to send the file to the printer.
+
*Wait time between bath and curing chamber
 +
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
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<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
 
Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:
*Changing support material
+
*Correct disposal for empty resin cartridges and tanks
*Setting correcting settings of the wash and the UV baking portions of the process.
+
 
  
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
<div class="col-md-6">
 
Individual understands the concepts:
 
Individual understands the concepts:
*each support material has different settings to make the best print possible.  
+
*Each material has different settings for optimal results.
*There must be an extra 30 min in between the wash and the bake in order to make sure all alcohol has evaporated (minimize combustion probability.
+
 
 +
 
 +
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
 +
<br clear=all>
 +
==Location==
 +
[[File:Form 2 Map 2.jpeg|thumb|left|600px|Location of Form 2 3D Printer in the Assembly Area]]
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>

Latest revision as of 17:59, 20 April 2020

Form2 3D Printer in the Maker Space


The Form 2 3D printer ,developed by formlabs, is a stereolithography (SLA) machine that creates parts using a liquid plastic that is solidified layer by layer using UV light. Resolution can be adjusted to anywhere from 25 to 100 microns per layer.

About


Main Article : About the Form2


General Stats:
Material : Plastic Resin (Liquid)
Price : Starts at $0.75/cm^3
Maximum Part Size : 144mm x 144mm x 175mm (5.7in x 5.7in x 6.9in)
Layer Thickness : 25, 50, or 100 microns (0.025,0.05, or 0.1 mm)
Strengths
  • Highly Detailed
  • Sturdy Parts
  • Multiple are resins available
Weaknesses
  • Expensive
  • Extremely Slow
  • Support Structures may cause defects



Processing


Processing 3D Files

Main Article : Processing 3D Files
Good STL in Netfabb

After you have designed the 3D model of your desired part, export the part in the StereoLithography (.stl) file format. The .stl format describes only the surface geometry of the object instead of the object as a whole. Then open the file in the Autodesk Netfabb software to repair the file.

We will only process STLs which have:
1 shell per continuous part
0 border edges
0 invalid orientations
0 holes.

Even if Netfabb reports no invalid orientations, red triangles are present in repair mode there is a problem with your model. Print at your own risk.

Fixing a File

Main Article : Fixing STLs

Students are welcome to use any of our computers for fixing their files in Netfabb or Rhino.

Here are some tips to get you started at home:
  • Ideally in Rhino you want one closed polysurface before meshing.
  • NetFabb is better at meshing than Rhino. Consider opening the 3dm file in NetFabb to generate the STL instead.
  • In Netfabb, the default repair is decent at fixing holes, border edges, and invalid orientations. Then try performing a boolean join to reduce shells down to 1.
  • If performing a boolean join results in multiple shells then most likely the shells are not contiguous, or connected. Consider deleting extra shells in model.
  • Extended repair wraps an existing STL in a new mesh. This can severely alter geometry and result in thin walled sections (not recommended).



Printing


Main Article : Printing

Once a file has been processed and is ready to be printed, find an Idea Shop Staff member to add your job to the queue. The length of the queue is highly variable, and the time it takes to print a model may range from a few days to being ready by the end of the day it is submitted. Keep in mind that the Form2 queue is very full during finals, midterms, and the time proceeding IPRO Day. An estimate of queue length and a time to come pick up the part will be communicated to you once your part is added to the queue. Once a part is successfully in the queue, it is ready to be printed. A simple small part can take as little as an hour to print, while a very complex part could take several days to print. The exact printing time will be shown before your part is added to the queue



Post Printing


Cleaning and Curing Parts

Washing and curing station for Form2 printed models

Once printing is complete, the part will be removed from the printer by an Idea Shop Staff member and run through the post-printing treatment to stabilize the piece; Please allow 1-2 hours for post-printing treatment.

Once the part has been removed from the from the build plate, the part will be placed in an Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) bath to remove any extra uncured resin.

  • Removing a part involves: wearing gloves, removing build plate, removing part from plate, removing any particles of cured resin from liquid resin bath, using correct settings for alcohol bath.
  • Any tools used to remove the part must be scrubbed down with IPA to clean off uncured resin.


Safety Notice: Uncured resin is toxic, and should not come into contact with skin or eyes. Always wear gloves and safety glasses when near uncured resin.

CLEAN UP: If isopropyl alcohol comes in contact with orange plastic window, the plastic will become brittle and crack. DO NOT clean orange case with IPA!

Some parts may also require curing in the UV chamber to stabilize the component.

  • There must be an extra 30 min in between the wash and the bake in order to make sure all alcohol has evaporated to minimize combustion risk.

Refer to https://support.formlabs.com/s/article/Form-Cure-Time-and-Temperature-Settings?language=en_US for curing chamber settings.

Using the Form 2 Cure is optional, but highly recommended to ensure that the part is cured uniformly. Afterwards, the student will be responsible for removing supports; any marks left by the supports can be sanded away.


Machine Proficiency


In order for an individual to advance in machine proficiency they must demonstrate ability to perform certain actions or tasks. All levels include abilities and concepts from lower levels.

This section is primarily for student workers.

Level 0

Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:

  • Student can turn the machine, bath, and curing chamber off and on


Individual understands the concepts:

  • The Form2 uses a UV laser to cure the resin to create the print.
  • Wall thickness requirement for Form2.
  • A remote desktop account is required to send the file to the printer.


Level 1

Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:

  • Correctly loading and sending file to Form2 queue
  • Analyzing a student's file with a Netfab proficiency level of 3 to prepare for printing
  • Correctly starting a print job

Individual understands the concepts:

  • How to optimally place part on build plate (don't orient the bottom of the part to be parallel or perpendicular with the plate. Rather, angle large flat surfaces)


Level 2

Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:

  • Swapping resin cartridges and tanks
  • Removing a printed part from inside the Form2 (including bed cleanup)
  • Post-processing in the IPA bath and heater


Individual understands the concepts:

  • Proper cleanup techniques
  • Wait time between bath and curing chamber


Level 3

Individual has demonstrated they are capable of:

  • Correct disposal for empty resin cartridges and tanks


Individual understands the concepts:

  • Each material has different settings for optimal results.



Location

Location of Form 2 3D Printer in the Assembly Area