Difference between revisions of "Cordless Drill"

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<div class="alert alert-auto alert-danger" role="alert" style="font-weight:bold; text-align:left;"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-alert" aria-hidden="true"></span>&nbsp;Use of this tool requires prior safety training and approval from Idea Shop personnel.</div>
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A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.
[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|]]
 
  
A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. These drills are available with similar features to an AC mains-powered drill. ... They are available in the hammer drill configuration and most have a clutch, which aids in driving screws into various substrates while not damaging them.
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Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.  
  
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Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.
 
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[[File:common_drill_bits1.jpg|thumb|left|]]
 
[[File:common_drill_bits1.jpg|thumb|left|]]
  
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Below are several types of drill bits that can be used with a handheld drill.
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:*'''Twist Bits - General Purpose:''' The tip of the bit cuts the material, while the flutes (spirals) remove the spent material from the hole and keep the bit straight. Most of the bits in the Idea Shop can be used across wood, metal, and acrylic -- be sure to adjust RPMs accordingly. When drilling into metal, be sure to use a lubricant.
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:*'''Spade bits:''' For making through holes in wood and other soft materials.
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:*'''Coutersink bits:''' An attachment used in conjunction with a twist drill bit, to create holes for screws or other fasteners to sit flush or inset into the material.
  
  
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===Preparation===
 
===Preparation===
'''Secure Your Work Piece'''. Drill Pilot Holes or use center punch to start holes. Use a Drill Stand if necessary. Properly Set the Drill Bit - hand tighten chuck and make sure drill is spinning concentrically before tightening with chuck key.
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'''Secure Your Work Piece'''. Insert and properly set your drill bit. Hand tighten chuck and make sure bit is spinning concentrically before tightening. Use a center punch to start holes.
  
 
===Active Use===
 
===Active Use===
Apply Proper Pressure to the Drill - not excessive.  Peck drill if necessary.  Drill only in a perpendicular direction to the materiel being perforated. Adjust the clutch
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Ensure drill is set to proper rotation before beginning. Adjust the clutch according to material hardness - the lower 1 setting for driving screws or other fasteners, while the 2 setting can be used for drilling holes into your material.
according to material hardness.  Never use drill bits to purposely elongate holes.
 
  
===Clean Up===
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Throughout operation, apply proper pressure to the drill - not excessive. Peck drill for harder materials or longer holes if necessary. and drill smaller pilot holes before attempting large holes.
Sweep/vacuum any debris and clean/deburr any holes and put away drill bits & countersinks that were used.
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===Best Practices===
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Avoid mounting larger drill bits (over .5") on a cordless drill. The amount of torque required to spin and produce a successful hole can spin the drill out of the user's grip.
  
 
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==Best Practices==
 
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Depending on the diameter of the drill and the hardness of the material being drilled it may be
 
necessary to adjust the rpms of the spindle.  Typically it is not good practice to mount larger
 
drill bits (over .5") on a cordless drill.  The amount of torque required to spin and produce the hole
 
can sprain the user's wrist.
 

Latest revision as of 22:55, 23 January 2020

A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.

Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.

Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.

Machine Details


Common types of drill bits.

common drill bits1.jpg

Below are several types of drill bits that can be used with a handheld drill.

  • Twist Bits - General Purpose: The tip of the bit cuts the material, while the flutes (spirals) remove the spent material from the hole and keep the bit straight. Most of the bits in the Idea Shop can be used across wood, metal, and acrylic -- be sure to adjust RPMs accordingly. When drilling into metal, be sure to use a lubricant.
  • Spade bits: For making through holes in wood and other soft materials.
  • Coutersink bits: An attachment used in conjunction with a twist drill bit, to create holes for screws or other fasteners to sit flush or inset into the material.





Safety Instructions


Always Wear Protective Eyewear. Avoid Baggy/Loose Clothing. Loose sleeves, jewelry and hair can be a hazard when you are operating a power drill.

Preparation

Secure Your Work Piece. Insert and properly set your drill bit. Hand tighten chuck and make sure bit is spinning concentrically before tightening. Use a center punch to start holes.

Active Use

Ensure drill is set to proper rotation before beginning. Adjust the clutch according to material hardness - the lower 1 setting for driving screws or other fasteners, while the 2 setting can be used for drilling holes into your material.

Throughout operation, apply proper pressure to the drill - not excessive. Peck drill for harder materials or longer holes if necessary. and drill smaller pilot holes before attempting large holes.

Best Practices

Avoid mounting larger drill bits (over .5") on a cordless drill. The amount of torque required to spin and produce a successful hole can spin the drill out of the user's grip.