Difference between revisions of "Cordless Drill"

From ProtoLab Wiki
(Machine Details)
 
(15 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
<div class="alert alert-auto alert-danger" role="alert" style="font-weight:bold; text-align:left;"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-alert" aria-hidden="true"></span>&nbsp;Use of this tool requires prior safety training and approval from Idea Shop personnel.</div>
+
[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|Cordless Drill]]
[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|]]
 
  
A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. These drills are available with similar features to an AC mains-powered drill. ... They are available in the hammer drill configuration and most have a clutch, which aids in driving screws into various substrates while not damaging them.
+
A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.
  
 +
Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.
 +
 +
Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
  
 
==Machine Details==
 
==Machine Details==
 
----
 
----
Common types of drill bits.
+
===Drill Bits===
 
+
<div class="col-lg-4 col-md-5 col-sm-6 col-xs-12">[[File:forstnerbit.jpg|thumb|left|Forstner bit, used for making flat sided and flat bottomed holes]]</div>
[[File:Ryobi_drill_1.jpg|thumb|left|]]
+
<div class="col-lg-8 col-md-7 col-sm-6 col-xs-12">
 
+
''Main Article: [[Drill Bits]]''
 
 
 
 
  
It resizes to device screens much better this way. Check out the [[Bandsaw|bandsaw]] page for an example.
+
Below are several types of drill bits that can be used with a handheld drill.
 +
:*'''Twist Bits - General Purpose:''' The tip of the bit cuts the material, while the flutes (spirals) remove the spent material from the hole and keep the bit straight. Most of the bits in the Idea Shop can be used across wood, metal, and acrylic -- be sure to adjust RPMs accordingly. When drilling into metal, be sure to use a lubricant.
 +
:*'''Spade bits:''' For making through holes in wood and other soft materials.  
 +
:*'''Coutersink bits:''' An attachment used in conjunction with a twist drill bit, to create holes for screws or other fasteners to sit flush or inset into the material.
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
  
Line 24: Line 26:
  
 
===Preparation===
 
===Preparation===
'''Secure Your Work Piece'''. Drill Pilot Holes or use center punch to start holes. Use a Drill Stand if necessary. Properly Set the Drill Bit - hand tighten chuck and make sure drill is spinning concentrically before tightening with chuck key.
+
'''Secure Your Work Piece'''. Insert and properly set your drill bit. Hand tighten chuck and make sure bit is spinning concentrically before tightening. Use a center punch to start holes.
  
 
===Active Use===
 
===Active Use===
Apply Proper Pressure to the Drill - not excessive.  Peck drill if necessary.  Drill only in a perpendicular direction to the materiel being perforated.  Adjust the clutch
+
'''USE A SPOIL BOARD UNDER YOUR MATERIAL'''.  
according to material hardness.  Never use drill bits to purposely elongate holes.
 
  
===Clean Up===
+
Ensure drill is set to proper rotation before beginning. Adjust the clutch accordingly:
Sweep/vacuum any debris and clean/deburr any holes and put away drill bits & countersinks that were used.
+
*Setting 1 uses more torque, for setting for driving screws or other fasteners.
 +
*Setting 2 uses more speed and is best used for drilling holes into material.
 +
 
 +
 +
Throughout operation, apply proper pressure to the drill - not excessive. Peck drill for harder materials or longer holes if necessary. Drill smaller pilot holes before attempting large holes (holes over 1/4" diameter).
 +
 
 +
===Best Practices===
 +
Avoid mounting larger drill bits (over .5") on a cordless drill. The amount of torque required to spin and produce a successful hole can spin the drill out of the user's grip.
  
 
<br clear=all>
 
<br clear=all>
 
+
==Location==
==Best Practices==
 
 
----
 
----
Depending on the diameter of the drill and the hardness of the material being drilled it may be
+
[[File:Tool Shelf Map.jpeg|thumb|left|600px|Location of the Tool Shelf in the Idea Shop Maker Space]]
necessary to adjust the rpms of the spindle.  Typically it is not good practice to mount larger
+
<br clear=all>
drill bits (over .5") on a cordless drill.  The amount of torque required to spin and produce the hole
 
can sprain the user's wrist.
 

Latest revision as of 21:51, 6 May 2020

Cordless Drill

A cordless drill is an electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries. Drills are primarily used for drilling circular holes in material, or for inserting screws and other threaded fasteners into material.

Drills are also available in the impact driver configuration, high-torque tools primarily used for driving screws and tightening nuts. Impact drivers can be especially useful when driving larger fasteners or driving into harder, more dense materials.

Always use a spoil board under your work piece when using a handheld drill.

Machine Details


Drill Bits

Forstner bit, used for making flat sided and flat bottomed holes

Main Article: Drill Bits

Below are several types of drill bits that can be used with a handheld drill.

  • Twist Bits - General Purpose: The tip of the bit cuts the material, while the flutes (spirals) remove the spent material from the hole and keep the bit straight. Most of the bits in the Idea Shop can be used across wood, metal, and acrylic -- be sure to adjust RPMs accordingly. When drilling into metal, be sure to use a lubricant.
  • Spade bits: For making through holes in wood and other soft materials.
  • Coutersink bits: An attachment used in conjunction with a twist drill bit, to create holes for screws or other fasteners to sit flush or inset into the material.


Safety Instructions


Always Wear Protective Eyewear. Avoid Baggy/Loose Clothing. Loose sleeves, jewelry and hair can be a hazard when you are operating a power drill.

Preparation

Secure Your Work Piece. Insert and properly set your drill bit. Hand tighten chuck and make sure bit is spinning concentrically before tightening. Use a center punch to start holes.

Active Use

USE A SPOIL BOARD UNDER YOUR MATERIAL.

Ensure drill is set to proper rotation before beginning. Adjust the clutch accordingly:

  • Setting 1 uses more torque, for setting for driving screws or other fasteners.
  • Setting 2 uses more speed and is best used for drilling holes into material.


Throughout operation, apply proper pressure to the drill - not excessive. Peck drill for harder materials or longer holes if necessary. Drill smaller pilot holes before attempting large holes (holes over 1/4" diameter).

Best Practices

Avoid mounting larger drill bits (over .5") on a cordless drill. The amount of torque required to spin and produce a successful hole can spin the drill out of the user's grip.


Location


Location of the Tool Shelf in the Idea Shop Maker Space