Difference between revisions of "3D Printers"

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The Idea Shop offers five different types of 3D printers for users to choose from, with variations in material, price point, durability, printing speed, and overall finish. Use this guide to choose which printer will best suit your project.
  
 
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=Processing 3D Files=
 +
----
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In order to be able to print anything in our 3D printers, your file '''MUST''' be in .stl format<sup>1</sup>. The STL format describes only the surface geometry of the object instead of the object as a whole. Once done, open the file in the Autodesk Netfabb software to repair the file.
 +
 +
;We will only process STLs which have<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 +
:1 shell per continuous part
 +
:0 border edges
 +
:0 invalid orientations
 +
:0 holes
 +
 +
See '''[[Fixing STLs]]''' for more information.
 +
 +
Even if Netfabb reports no invalid orientations, if we see red triangles in repair mode there is a problem with your model. Print at your own risk.
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 +
 +
Once your STL is ready to go and free of errors, ask an employee to assist you in setting up your print bed and sending your job to the 3D printing queue.
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<sup>1</sup> Color files for the zPrinter 450 can also be .vrml files.
  
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=3D Printers=
 
==Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)==
 
==Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)==
 
----
 
----
 
===uPrint Plus===
 
===uPrint Plus===
 
:''Main Article : [[uPrint Plus]]''
 
:''Main Article : [[uPrint Plus]]''
[[File:uprint_2018.jpg|thumb|left|uPrint Plus]]
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[[File:UPrint.JPG|thumb|left|uPrint Plus]]
  
The uPrint Plus developed by Stratasys, Ltd. is a (FDM) machine also known as a 3D Printer, which is ideal for models of parts that need to mimic the strength and detail of plastic injection molding. The uPrint Plus extrudes layers of ABS thermoplastic about 0.010 inches thick that stack up to form a 3D model of the desired part. The uPrint Plus has at least 10 different colors of ABS to choose from.  
+
<span style="color:#FF0000">'''''The uPrint is currently offline.'''''</span>
 +
 
 +
The uPrint Plus developed by Stratasys, Ltd. is a (FDM) machine, is ideal for models of parts that need to mimic the strength and detail of plastic injection molding. The uPrint Plus extrudes layers of ABS thermoplastic about 0.010 inches thick that stack up to form a 3D model of the desired part. The Idea Shop carries over 10 different colors and varieties (including premium versions) of ABS filament to choose from.  
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
:'''Material :''' Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
 
:'''Material :''' Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 203mm x 203mm x 152mm (8in x 8in x 6in)
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 203mm x 203mm x 152mm (8in x 8in x 6in)
 
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 0.254mm (.010in)
 
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 0.254mm (.010in)
 +
:'''Price:''' $0.10 - $0.35 per cubic cm for model material, $0.60 per cubic cm for soluble support material
  
 
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[[File:iiip_2018.JPG|thumb|left|Monoprice Mini]]  
 
[[File:iiip_2018.JPG|thumb|left|Monoprice Mini]]  
  
The Monoprice Mini Select v2, developed by Monoprice, is a (FDM) machine, also known as a 3D Printer. This printer is unique for the IdeaShop, in that it is not supported. The printer is merely housed in the 3D printing area, for use by students at absolutely no cost. Students are responsible for all aspects of using the machine, as laid out on this page. Please make an effort to follow the suggested settings, and try to keep your prints as short as possible. When in use, you ''MUST'' be present to watch the printer, or have a friend stay and watch the printer. It is a fire hazard.
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The Monoprice Mini Select v2, developed by Monoprice, is a (FDM) 3D printer. We have two Monoprice Minis here in the shop. '''These printers are free for users!''' However, the use of these printers is not supported by Idea Shop staff - aka, you're on your own!
 +
 
 +
Students are responsible for all aspects of using the machine, as laid out on this page. Please make an effort to follow the suggested settings, and try to keep your prints as short as possible. The printer is only available for use during normal operating hours, as it presents a fire hazard, therefore all prints must be executed before the end of the day.
  
This printer is much more simple than others available in the lab. It may not be able to handle complex geometry. If complex geometry is needed, please use a different printer available.
+
This printer is much more simple than others available in the lab, and may not be able to handle complex geometry. If complex geometry is needed, consider using a different printer in the lab.
  
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
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:'''Layer Thickness :''' Customizable
 
:'''Layer Thickness :''' Customizable
 
:'''Resolution :''' 100 microns (0.1 mm)
 
:'''Resolution :''' 100 microns (0.1 mm)
:'''Program :''' Cura
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:'''Price :''' Free!
  
 
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===zPrinter 450===
 
===zPrinter 450===
 
:''Main Article: [[zPrinter 450]]''
 
:''Main Article: [[zPrinter 450]]''
[[File:zprinter_2018.jpg|thumb|left|zPrinter 450]]
+
[[File:ZPrinter 450.jpg|thumb|left|zPrinter 450]]
The zPrinter 450 developed by Z Corporation (acquired in 2012 by 3D Systems) is a fused deposition modeling (FDM) machine also known as a 3D Printer. The zPrinter 450 uses inkjet heads from HP to extrude a water based binder solution onto thin layers of a plaster based substrate. Each layer of plaster is 0.0035 inches which is thinner than a standard sheet of 20 pound printer paper. The addition of a tri-color HP cartridge allows for full range color printing rather than the standard white of the zPrint powder.
+
The zPrinter 450 developed by Z Corporation (acquired in 2012 by 3D Systems) is a fused deposition modeling (FDM) printer. The zPrinter 450 uses inkjet heads from HP to extrude a water based binder solution onto thin layers of a plaster based substrate. Each layer of plaster is 0.0035 inches thinner than a standard sheet of 20lb printer paper. The addition of a tri-color HP cartridge allows for full range of color printing (including images) rather than the single-color printing of other machines in the shop.
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
:'''Material :''' Plaster (CaSO<sub>4</sub>)
 
:'''Material :''' Plaster (CaSO<sub>4</sub>)
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 203mm x 254mm x 203mm (8in x 10in x 8in)
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 203mm x 254mm x 203mm (8in x 10in x 8in)
:'''X/Y Resolution :''' 300 x 450 dpi
+
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 89 microns (0.089mm)
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 0.089mm (.0035in)
+
:'''Price :''' $0.65 per cubic cm
  
 
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==Selective Laser Adhesion (SLA)==
+
==Stereolithography (SLA)==
 
----
 
----
 
===Form2===
 
===Form2===
 
:''Main Article : [[Form2]]''
 
:''Main Article : [[Form2]]''
[[File:Form2_1_2018.jpg|thumb|left|Form2]]  
+
[[File:Form2.JPG|thumb|left|Form2]]  
  
The Form 2 3D printer,developed by formlabs, is a stereolithography (SLA) machine that creates parts using liquid plastic that is solidified layer by layer using UV light. This results in a resolution of approximately 25 microns per layer.
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The Form 2 3D printer, developed by Formlabs, is a stereolithography (SLA) machine that creates parts using liquid plastic that is solidified layer by layer using UV light.  
  
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
:'''Price :''' Starts at  $0.75/cm^3
 
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 144mm x 144mm x 175mm (5.7in x 5.7in x 6.9in)
 
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 144mm x 144mm x 175mm (5.7in x 5.7in x 6.9in)
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 25, 50, or 100 microns (0.025,0.05, or 0.1 mm)
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:'''Material:''' Methacrylate photopolymer resin
 +
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 25 to 300 microns (.001 – .012 in)
 +
:'''Price :''' $0.50 per cubic cm for standard resins, $0.65 per cubic cm for premium (flexible, elastic) resins
  
 
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===Objet Eden 260V===
 
===Objet Eden 260V===
 
:''Main Article : [[Objet Eden 260V]]''
 
:''Main Article : [[Objet Eden 260V]]''
[[File:Jet_lathe1.jpg|thumb|left|Woodworking lathe.]]
+
[[File:objet_2018.jpg|thumb|left|Objet Eden 260V.]]
  
<div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert" style="font-weight:bold; text-align:center">Under Construction</div>
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The Eden 260V developed by Stratasys is a rapid prototyping 3D printer.  With a choice of 18 materials, the Objet Eden260V prints ultrafine 16 micron layers for exceptional detail, complex geometries and very thin walls.
 +
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 +
:'''Material :''' Liquid Photopolymer
 +
:'''Maximum Part Size :''' 260mm x 260mm x 200mm (10in x 10in x 8in)
 +
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 0.016mm (0.00063in)
  
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==Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)==
 +
----
 +
===EOS Formiga P110 SLS===
 +
:''Main Article: [[EOS Formiga P110 SLS]]''
 +
[[File:eos formiga.jpg|thumb|left|EOS Formiga]]
 +
The EOS Formiga is located at mHUB, and file submissions should be done through IIT's Ideashop. This machine creates high resolution, high strength plastic parts.
 +
;General Stats<nowiki>:</nowiki>
 +
:'''Material :''' White Nylon PA1100
 +
'''Maximum Part Size :''' 184mm x 233mm x 316mm (7.2in x 9.1in x 12.4in)
 +
:'''Layer Thickness :''' 0.1 mm
 +
:'''X/Y Minimum wall thickness :''' 1 mm
 +
:'''X/Y Minimum wall thickness for mechanical properties :''' 1.5 mm
 +
:'''Price :''' $0.75 per cubic cm
  
 
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Latest revision as of 22:10, 28 September 2020

The Idea Shop offers five different types of 3D printers for users to choose from, with variations in material, price point, durability, printing speed, and overall finish. Use this guide to choose which printer will best suit your project.


Processing 3D Files


In order to be able to print anything in our 3D printers, your file MUST be in .stl format1. The STL format describes only the surface geometry of the object instead of the object as a whole. Once done, open the file in the Autodesk Netfabb software to repair the file.

We will only process STLs which have:
1 shell per continuous part
0 border edges
0 invalid orientations
0 holes

See Fixing STLs for more information.

Even if Netfabb reports no invalid orientations, if we see red triangles in repair mode there is a problem with your model. Print at your own risk.


Once your STL is ready to go and free of errors, ask an employee to assist you in setting up your print bed and sending your job to the 3D printing queue.

1 Color files for the zPrinter 450 can also be .vrml files.


3D Printers

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)


uPrint Plus

Main Article : uPrint Plus
uPrint Plus

The uPrint is currently offline.

The uPrint Plus developed by Stratasys, Ltd. is a (FDM) machine, is ideal for models of parts that need to mimic the strength and detail of plastic injection molding. The uPrint Plus extrudes layers of ABS thermoplastic about 0.010 inches thick that stack up to form a 3D model of the desired part. The Idea Shop carries over 10 different colors and varieties (including premium versions) of ABS filament to choose from.

General Stats:
Material : Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
Maximum Part Size : 203mm x 203mm x 152mm (8in x 8in x 6in)
Layer Thickness : 0.254mm (.010in)
Price: $0.10 - $0.35 per cubic cm for model material, $0.60 per cubic cm for soluble support material


Monoprice Mini Select v2

Main Article : Monoprice Mini
Monoprice Mini

The Monoprice Mini Select v2, developed by Monoprice, is a (FDM) 3D printer. We have two Monoprice Minis here in the shop. These printers are free for users! However, the use of these printers is not supported by Idea Shop staff - aka, you're on your own!

Students are responsible for all aspects of using the machine, as laid out on this page. Please make an effort to follow the suggested settings, and try to keep your prints as short as possible. The printer is only available for use during normal operating hours, as it presents a fire hazard, therefore all prints must be executed before the end of the day.

This printer is much more simple than others available in the lab, and may not be able to handle complex geometry. If complex geometry is needed, consider using a different printer in the lab.

General Stats:
Material : Polylactic Acid (PLA)
Maximum Part Size : 120mm x 120mm x 120mm (4.7in x 4.7in x 4.7in)
Layer Thickness : Customizable
Resolution : 100 microns (0.1 mm)
Price : Free!


Selective Adhesion


zPrinter 450

Main Article: zPrinter 450
zPrinter 450

The zPrinter 450 developed by Z Corporation (acquired in 2012 by 3D Systems) is a fused deposition modeling (FDM) printer. The zPrinter 450 uses inkjet heads from HP to extrude a water based binder solution onto thin layers of a plaster based substrate. Each layer of plaster is 0.0035 inches – thinner than a standard sheet of 20lb printer paper. The addition of a tri-color HP cartridge allows for full range of color printing (including images) rather than the single-color printing of other machines in the shop.

General Stats:
Material : Plaster (CaSO4)
Maximum Part Size : 203mm x 254mm x 203mm (8in x 10in x 8in)
Layer Thickness : 89 microns (0.089mm)
Price : $0.65 per cubic cm


Stereolithography (SLA)


Form2

Main Article : Form2
Form2

The Form 2 3D printer, developed by Formlabs, is a stereolithography (SLA) machine that creates parts using liquid plastic that is solidified layer by layer using UV light.

General Stats:
Maximum Part Size : 144mm x 144mm x 175mm (5.7in x 5.7in x 6.9in)
Material: Methacrylate photopolymer resin
Layer Thickness : 25 to 300 microns (.001 – .012 in)
Price : $0.50 per cubic cm for standard resins, $0.65 per cubic cm for premium (flexible, elastic) resins


PolyJet


Objet Eden 260V

Main Article : Objet Eden 260V
Objet Eden 260V.

The Eden 260V developed by Stratasys is a rapid prototyping 3D printer. With a choice of 18 materials, the Objet Eden260V prints ultrafine 16 micron layers for exceptional detail, complex geometries and very thin walls.

General Stats:
Material : Liquid Photopolymer
Maximum Part Size : 260mm x 260mm x 200mm (10in x 10in x 8in)
Layer Thickness : 0.016mm (0.00063in)


Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)


EOS Formiga P110 SLS

Main Article: EOS Formiga P110 SLS
EOS Formiga

The EOS Formiga is located at mHUB, and file submissions should be done through IIT's Ideashop. This machine creates high resolution, high strength plastic parts.

General Stats:
Material : White Nylon PA1100

Maximum Part Size : 184mm x 233mm x 316mm (7.2in x 9.1in x 12.4in)

Layer Thickness : 0.1 mm
X/Y Minimum wall thickness : 1 mm
X/Y Minimum wall thickness for mechanical properties : 1.5 mm
Price : $0.75 per cubic cm